Affirmative Action, Equal Opportunity and Diversity

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dconnolly@mail.uri.edu – Phone: (401) 874-2442 Fax: (401) 874-2995

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Descriptions of Laws and Regulations

Equal Pay Act of 1963

      Requires equal pay for equal work, i.e. substantially
equal in skill, effort, and responsibility.  Permissible pay
discrimination under the Act includes circumstances in which pay differentials
between men and women in the same job title are due to (1) seniority
system, (2) merit system, (3) system which measures earnings by quantity
or quality of production, or (4) differentials based on any other
factor other than sex.
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Civil Rights Act of 1964

      Prohibits discrimination in programs receiving
Federal funds.

Title VI

Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race
or national origin in federally-financially assisted programs.

Title VII

Prohibits discrimination in employment on the
basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex (including
pregnancy).

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Age Discrimination in Employment
Act of 1964:

      Prohibits discrimination in employment of individuals
over 40 years of age and older, except in special circumstances.
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Title IX of the 1972 Educational
Amendments to the Higher Education Act

      Prohibits sex discrimination in educational
institutions receiving Federal funds.  Covers programs and activities
including students loans and scholarships, access  to courses,
housing, health services, athletics, career services and publications.
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Executive Order 11246 (1965):

      Prohibits discrimination in employment practices
of Federal contractors who receive $50,000 or more in federal funds
and have 50 or more employees.  Requires affirmative action be
taken to provide employment opportunities for qualified women and
minorities.
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Rehabilitation Act of 1973

      Prohibits discrimination in programs receiving
Federal funds on the basis of disability.

Section 503

Requires affirmative action be taken to provide
employment opportunities for qualified persons with disabilities
by employers receiving more than $2,500 or more in Federal funds.

Section 504

Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability
in programs receiving federal funds.  Requires reasonable accommodation
qualified persons with disabilities, except in cases of undue hardship
is shown.

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Section 402 of the Veterans’ Readjustment
Assistance Act of 1974:

      Requires affirmative action be taken to employ
Vietnam era veterans, special disabled and disabled veterans by employers
receiving $10,000 or more in Federal funds.  Amended in 1992
to cover all veterans.
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Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990:

      Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability
in employment (Title I), by state and local governments (Title II),
in public accommodations (Title III) and in telecommunications (Title
IV).
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Civil Rights Act of 1991

      Amends Civil Rights Act of 1964 by adding the
protected category of “disability” and provides for appropriate remedies
for intentional discrimination and unlawful harassment in the work
place.  The 1991 Act does not affect court-ordered remedies,
affirmative action, or conciliation agreements, that are in accordance
with the law.
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