Direct Evidence of Student Learning

Direct sources of evidence must be used in program assessment whereby actual student work or performances is evaluated using a standardized method or rubric. Assessment using student work provides information about a level of achievement of an outcome(s) in a program.  Direct measures are imperative for program assessment.

Examples include:

  • Archival records
  • Behavioral observations of students performing a task
  • Brownbag presentation to the program or department
  • Competence interviews
  • Comprehensive examinations
  • Conference presentations
  • Culminating project (capstone projects, senior theses, senior exhibits, senior dance performance)
  • Embedded assignments, course activities, tests/quizzes
  • Employer/supervisor direct evaluations of student performance
  • External examiner
  • Exam essay questions
  • IRB or IUCAC approval of research
  • Licensing and professional examinations
  • Locally developed examinations
  • Oral defense of a thesis/dissertation
  • Oral examinations/presentations
  • Peer-reviewed journal articles submitted for publications
  • Performance appraisals
  • Portfolios or e-portfolios
  • Poster or paper presentations at conferences
  • Practica and internships
  • Pre-test/Post-test evaluations
  • Projects
  • Published examinations (commerial, norm-references, standardized)
  • Scoring rubrics
  • Simulations
  • Student publications
  • Teaching evaluations for graduate teaching assistants
  • Thesis/Dissertation proposal draft
  • Thesis/Dissertation defense draft
  • Videotape or audiotape evaluations
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