Pharmacy

Introduction

E. Paul Larrat, Interim Dean
Brian J. Quilliam, Associate Dean
Bongsup P. Cho, Associate Dean

Entering freshmen are admitted to URI’s six-year entry-level Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree or the 4-year Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences (B.S.P.S.) degree. The college also awards two graduate degrees: the Master of Science (M.S.) and the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in pharmaceutical sciences, offered by both departments, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmacy Practice.

For more information, visit uri.edu/pharmacy or call 401.874.2761.

In case of discrepancies between this Catalog and the departmental materials, this URI Catalog is considered definitive. Departmental websites and departmental curricular and course materials are maintained independently and do not necessarily reflect University-approved curricular and course information.

Faculty

Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences: Professor Yan, chairperson. Professors Akhlaghi, Chichester, Cho, Kislalioglu, Rosenbaum, Rowley, Shaikh, and Zawia; Associate Professors Deng, King, Kovoor, Seeram, and Slitt; Assistant Professors Dong, Li, Lu, Trzoss and Worthen; Professors Emeriti Lausier, Needham, Rodgers, Shimizu, Swonger, and Zia.

Pharmacy Practice: Professor Barbour, chairperson. Professors Dufresne, Hume, Kogut, Larrat, Owens, and Willey; Clinical Professors Bratberg, MacDonnell, and Taveira; Associate Professors Cohen, Goren, LaPlante, and Quilliam; Clinical Associate Professors Charpentier, Estus, Feret, Marcoux, Matson, Orr, Pawasauskas, and Ward; Associate Research Professor Goldstein; Assistant Professor Caffrey; Clinical Assistant Professors Asal, Eisenhower, Jackson, Lemay, and Thomas; Clinical Instructor DeAngelis-Chichester.

Admission Requirements

Each admission candidate is given individual consideration. However, a minimum of 18 units of college (secondary school) preparatory work are expected:

4 in English

3 in algebra and plane geometry

2 in a physical or natural science

2 in history or social science

2 in the same foreign language

5 additional units to total 18

Successful candidates typically have high grades in science and mathematics, do well in SATs or ACTs, and often have earned advanced placement or college credit while in high school.

Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)

The six-year Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum is patterned on accepted programs of study recommended by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, and other interested organizations. The Doctor of Pharmacy is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (135 S. LaSalle Street, Suite 4100, Chicago, Illinois, 60603; https://acpe-accredit.org/).

Medication therapy management is the responsible provision of drug therapy to achieve specific outcomes that improve a patient’s quality of life. A pharmacist, in cooperation with a patient and other healthcare professionals, designs, implements, and monitors a plan of care that will produce desired patient outcomes. A key element in medication therapy management is that the pharmacist accepts personal responsibility in achieving the desired outcomes. In learning to provide medication therapy management, pharmacy students must exhibit the highest level of ethical behavior and moral values in all of their decision-making, as well as in their actions both in and outside of the college. Furthermore, students must acknowledge that the profession and medication therapy management are based foremost on caring, trust, and communication for the benefit of patients and society in general. All students must be committed to maintaining these standards, to fostering the professional development of other pharmacy students, and to responding appropriately when the ethical and moral standards of the profession have been breached.

Graduates of our program have a strong record of passing the national licensing examination (NAPLEX). Over the past 5 years, the passage rates have ranged from 95-100% for graduates who are taking the NAPLEX exam for the first time. The Pharm.D. program provides preparation for community, institutional and other areas of pharmacy practice. Students have the opportunity to take professional electives that will advance their knowledge in different areas of pharmacy, including hospital, clinical, manufacturing, managed care, natural products, drug analysis, special populations (e.g. pediatrics), administration, and research.

A recent survey of graduates (AACP) indicates that 62% work in a community practice setting, while 10% work in hospitals. Others are pursuing advanced training in residencies (20%) and graduate studies (6%). Job responsibilities vary from staff pharmacists, manager, clinical specialist, consultant, executive, to professor. Ninety-nine percent of graduates indicate that they would select the URI College of Pharmacy if they were starting their pharmacy programs over again.

Technical Standards

Technical Standards. In addition to the academic requirements for admission, applicants must also meet the technical standards that the college deems essential for training and practice in the profession of pharmacy.  Upon admission, students in the Pharm.D. program will affirm that they have reviewed the technical standards and further acknowledge that they are capable of meeting the program’s technical standards with or without accommodations.  Students who have concerns about their ability to meet these standards should contact the associate dean of the college. When requested, the college will provide reasonable accommodation to otherwise qualified students with disabilities. Disabled students must work with and be approved by URI’s Disability Services for Students.

These functions include, but are not limited to:

Observation: A candidate with or without accommodations must be able to observe demonstrations and experiments in the basic sciences. A candidate must be able to observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand. The candidate must be able to visually observe and interpret presented information. This will necessitate the functional use of vision, hearing, and somatic senses.

Communication: A candidate with or without accommodations must be able to communicate effectively and sensitively with patients, caregivers, faculty/staff, and all members of the healthcare team. The focus of this communication is to elicit information, describe changes in mood, activity, and posture, and perceive nonverbal communication. An applicant must be able to communicate effectively and efficiently in oral and written English.

Sensory/Motor: The candidate with or without accommodations must have sufficient motor function and skills necessary to perform basic tasks in the practice of pharmacy. Examples of such tasks may include the compounding of medicinals, physical assessment, the administration of drugs, and the provision of basic cardiac life support. Such actions require the coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium, and functional use of the senses.

Intellectual: A candidate must have the ability to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, synthesize, and integrate information that is essential to fully develop these skills. A candidate must be fully alert and attentive at all times in clinical settings.

Behavioral/Social: A candidate must be of sufficient emotional health to utilize fully his or her intellectual abilities, the exercise of good judgment, and the prompt completion of all patient care responsibilities. A candidate must possess the ability to develop mature, sensitive, and effective relationships with patients. A candidate must be able to tolerate physically and emotionally taxing workloads and to function effectively under stress. A candidate must be able to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility and learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of many patients. A candidate must possess compassion, integrity, interpersonal skills, and motivation to excel in pharmacy practice.

Health: Certain illnesses impair a student’s performance. These include, but are not limited to, active drug and/or alcohol addiction, severe depression, and other psychiatric illnesses. It is not permissible for students to interact with patients while impaired by these conditions. It is the policy of the College of Pharmacy to encourage recognition of these conditions and to support treatment so that the student may resume his or her studies in the college.

The term “candidate” means candidates for admission into the Pharm.D. program and students enrolled in the Pharm.D. program who are candidates for promotion and graduation.

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Selection Factors

Selection Factors: Due to the large number of applications received for a limited number of spaces, admission to URI’s College of Pharmacy is highly selective. The Admission Office carefully evaluates each candidate’s strength in the following areas:

High School Transcript including the rigor of the high school curriculum and academic performance.

Standardized Test Scores (only SAT or ACT results are reviewed).

Personal Essay (including an additional paragraph required of all Pharmacy applicants—details are available on the application).

Letters of Recommendation (two letters are required: one from a science or math teacher and one from a guidance counselor or a teacher from another subject area). These letters of recommendation should comment on your personal motivation, initiative and interpersonal skills.

Extracurricular Activities (including employment experiences) and unique talents.

Pharmacy applicants are strongly encouraged to submit all of their application materials by the Early Action deadline. The Admission Committee makes every effort to notify pharmacy applicants of their admission status by January 31.

Professional Standards of Behavior

Professional Standards of Behavior For Pharm.D. Students. The College of Pharmacy demands that its students adhere to the highest standards of professional behavior. Specific requirements include the following:

Pledge of Professionalism: The College of Pharmacy expects all Pharm.D. students to sign a pledge of professionalism when they enter the professional program.

Honesty and Academic Integrity: Students are expected to abide by the University of Rhode Island’s Community Standards of Behavior as outlined in the University of Rhode Island Student Handbook. Pharmacy students are expected to adhere to the highest standard of academic integrity in both the pre-professional and professional programs. Any evidence of cheating or plagiarism may be grounds for dismissal from the program (see URI Student Handbook for definitions of cheating and plagiarism).

Ethical Values: Students must demonstrate the highest level of professional demeanor and behavior, and must perform in an ethical manner in all dealings with peers, faculty, staff, preceptors, and patients.

Alleged violations of professional standards of behavior will be evaluated by the college’s Professional Conduct Committee in coordination with the Office of Student and Academic Affairs.  Students who violate these standards of behavior may be given a reprimand, placed on probation, suspended for a period of time, required to acquire professional evaluation and counseling or other medical care, required to complete community service, or dismissed from the program. Incidents including, but not limited to, academic dishonesty, violation of HIPPA or privacy regulations, chemical impairment, violation of state and federal laws, sexual harassment, may delay or permanently prohibit progression in the Pharm.D. curriculum and may result in dismissal from the program.

Requirements for Progression to the Professional Program

Requirements for Progression to the Professional Program. Pharm.D. students must request transfer from University College to the College of Pharmacy at the end of three semesters. During their sophomore year, all students are required to have a formal interview. The student’s progression to the professional program will be contingent upon a successful interview. The interview is designed to assess students’ commitment to the profession of pharmacy, knowledge of the profession, and ability to communicate with patients.

After three semesters, only those pharmacy students having a 2.50 grade point average or better in 11 of the 15 required preprofessional courses (BCH 311; BIO 101, 121, 242, and 244; CHM 101, 102, 112, 114, 226, 227, and 228; MIC 201; MTH 131; and STA 307) with no grade less than C- in any of these courses, and an overall grade point average of 2.00, will be admitted at this time, provided they have successfully completed the interview. Successful candidates must maintain a grade point average of 2.50 in the remaining four prerequisite courses. Students who lose their seat at the end of three semesters will be considered for admission on a competitive basis along with other URI undergraduate students and transfer students from other institutions at the end of four semesters. Applicants with a grade point average of less than 2.50 for the designated preprofessional courses will not be considered for admission to the college. For purposes of admission among transfer students (both internal and external), all of the preprofessional courses listed above (or equivalent courses) must be completed. All applicants must have a 2.50 in these courses, and successful candidates will be competitively selected from the applicant pool. They must also successfully complete a formal interview. In addition, all students must complete WRT 106, ECN 201, COM 100, and PHL 212 as a specific component of their general education prior to admission to the professional curriculum. PCAT exams, work experience, and letters of recommendation are required for all transfer applicants. Please note that it is a competitive program and seats are limited. For a more detailed description of these requirements, see the Admission website.

Beginning in the professional curriculum third year (P1) students must have their own laptop computer for use in the classroom. There are lease and purchase options at the University Bookstore for interested students.

Unless otherwise indicated, courses offered by the college are restricted to pharmacy majors.

Retention and Graduation Requirements

Retention and Graduation Requirements. Starting with the first professional year (P1), the College of Pharmacy calculates a Quality Point Average (QPA) for all students, which differs from students’ GPA calculated by the University. The QPA calculated by the College includes only required didactic pharmacy courses. Students must earn a minimum QPA of  2.30 in all required didactic professional courses in order to qualify for graduation in the Pharm.D. program. Students can repeat up to 6 credits per semester, up to a maximum of fifteen credits of pharmacy courses, in which they received a C- or less, in order to achieve the 2.30 QPA graduation requirement. Students who have reached the 15 credit maximum repeats without achieving the 2.30 QPA required for graduation will be dismissed from the program.

A student who receives any grade of less than a C- in any required didactic pharmacy course or whose cumulative QPA in professional courses falls between 2.20 and 2.30 at the end of any semester will be reviewed by the scholastic standing committee and presented with a remediation plan that must be successfully completed to progress in the curriculum. Remediation plans may include repeating courses, additional self-study and faculty assessment of proficiency through assignments and examinations. Remediation plans will be developed by the scholastic standing committee taking into account the student’s QPA, length enrolled in the professional program (i.e. P1, P2 or P3 professional years), the number and types of deficiencies and trends in academic performance.

The student whose cumulative QPA in professional courses falls below a 2.20 at the end of any semester may be dismissed from the program.  Students subject to dismissal for failing to meet retention requirements shall have the right to appeal to the Associate Dean of Student and Academic Affairs of the College of Pharmacy within five days of the date of notice. The appeal will be reviewed by the College of Pharmacy’s Scholastic Standing Committee that shall confirm the dismissal or continue the student on probation. The decision of the scholastic standing committee shall be final.

Students will not be allowed to proceed into Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) without at least a 2.30 QPA in required professional pharmacy courses. Students must earn a C- or better for any APPE rotation.

Professional and/or legal exigencies arise from time to time which may necessitate changes in a pharmacy course, progression, and/or graduation requirements. Students should review their status with academic advisors on a timely basis and refer to current publications for updated information.

Students in certain other New England states may enroll in pharmacy at a discounted tuition rate (see New England Regional Student Program).

Six-year Entry Level Pharm.D. Curriculum Requirements

Six-year Entry Level Pharm.D. Curriculum Requirements. A total of 203 credits is required for graduation. Proficiency in American Red Cross standard first aid, community CPR, and physical assessment (PHP 900) is also expected of each student prior to initiating advanced pharmacy practice experiences.

Experiential Rotations. Introductory and advanced pharmacy practice experiential rotations may be scheduled at a distance from the Kingston campus. These rotations contribute importantly to the depth and breadth of the experiential program. While the college makes every effort to accommodate student requests regarding rotations, students should anticipate having some rotations assigned at a distance. For these rotations, students are responsible for their costs of transportation and housing if needed.

Criminal Background Checks. All students must undergo a criminal background check annually during the professional (P1 to P4) years of the program. The criminal background check must be completed prior to the fall semester of each professional year and before any Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE) is initiated.  Many hospitals, clinical facilities, and other professional sites that participate in both the IPPE and advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) programs require certification that students have a clear criminal record (or a criminal record which, due to the timing or nature of the criminal behavior, or the relevant circumstances, does not, in the judgment of the site preclude the student’s participation in the practicum experience at their site) prior to initiating pharmacy practice experiences. Students with criminal records, therefore, should be aware that their criminal record may preclude their participation in clinical experiences at some sites, and as as a result, their progression to meet the degree requirements may be impeded.

Drug Testing. Many hospitals, clinical facilities, and other professional sites that participate in both the introductory practice experiences (IPPE) and advanced practice experiences (APPE) require students to undergo a drug test. Students who test positive for an illegal drug will be denied positions at these sites. As a result, their progression to meet the degree requirements will be impeded.

Intern License Requirement.  Registration as an intern pharmacist is a requirement of the program; therefore all students in the professional PharmD program must hold a valid Rhode Island intern license when they enter the fall semester of their first professional year and before any Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE) is initiated. The Rhode Island intern license must be maintained throughout the professional program (P1 to P4 years). Students completing IPPE or APPE experiences in other states must obtain an intern license through the board of pharmacy of the state(s) in which they have those practice experiences. Intern licensure in Massachusetts is recommended for all students, but not required.

To be eligible for an intern license, students must be currently enrolled in a pharmacy program. Intern licenses must be returned to the board if a student withdraws or takes a leave of absence from the college.

Applications for an intern license also normally require the applicant to disclose, and provide an explanation of, any criminal conviction (or any plea or other form of admission or acceptance of responsibility for criminal conduct, including driving under the influence), as well as any state disciplinary action involving or affecting the applicant’s license to practice, any other pending state charges or investigations relating to the applicant, and any adverse proceeding or action relating to the applicant’s membership in a professional society.

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Pre-Professional Curriculum

First Year
First semester: 15 credits

CHM 101 (3), 102 (1); COM 100 or WRT 106 (3); BIO 101/103 (4); one 3-credit elective or PHL 212 (3); and URI 101 (1).

Second semester: 17 credits
CHM 112 (3), 114 (1); MTH 131 (3); COM 100 or WRT 106 (3); BIO 121 (4), and one 3-credit elective or PHL 212 (3).

Second Year
First semester: 17 credits
CHM 227 (3); ECN 201 (3); MIC 201 (4); BIO 242 (3), 244 (1), and one 3-credit elective.

Second semester: 17 credits
BCH 311 (3); CHM 228 (3), 226 (2); STA 307 (3), and 6 credits of electives.

Professional Curriculum

First Professional Year (P1)

First semester: 16 credits

PHP/BPS 311 (2); BPS 301 (2), 303 (2), 305 (2), 313 (2), 318 (1), 321 (2); PHP 317 (3).

Second semester: 18 credits

PHP/BPS 310 (2); BPS 325 (2), 334 (2); PHP 305 (3), 316 (3), 332 (3), 340 (1); PHC 316 (1), 327 (1)*.

Second Professional Year (P2)

First semester: 15 credits

PHP/BPS 409 (2), 418 (3); BPS 421 (2); PHP 401 (3), 413 (3), 450 (0); PHC 415 (1), 417 (1)*.

Second semester: 17 credits

PHP/BPS 412 (2); BPS 432 (2), 403 (3); PHP 424 (2), 451 (0); NFS 444 (3); professional elective (3); PHC 416 (1), 427 (1)* .

Third Professional Year (P3)

First semester: 16 credits

PHP/BPS 410 (2); BPS 422 (2), 504 (3); PHP 414 (3); professional elective (3); PHC 515 (2), 517 (1)*.

Second semester: 16 credits

PHP/BPS 526 (2); BPS 521 (3); PHP 504 (3), 513 (2); professional elective (3); PHC 516 (2), 527 (1)*.

Fourth Professional Year (P4)

Combined summer, first, and second semester: 36 credits

To complete the curriculum, students must complete six 6-week advanced pharmacy practice experiences in community (PHP 591), ambulatory care (PHP 595), inpatient (PHP 592), institutional (PHP 594), and two different elective areas (PHP 593) for a total of 36 credits. The rotations will take place over summer, fall, and spring semesters in any order and are all capstone requirements in the program.

* Interactive learning courses and integrated laboratory courses will be shared by PHP and BPS under the code of PHC.

Doctor of Pharmacy Professional Electives

Doctor of Pharmacy Professional Electives. As part of the College’s professional curriculum, students must complete three courses (minimum of 3 credits each) to improve their knowledge and understanding in a variety of practice areas. Students must complete a minimum of two of the three courses within the College of Pharmacy (BPS, PHC or PHP designation; excluding BPS 497, BPS 498, PHP 497 and PHP 498). Students may use a 3-credit independent study (BPS 497, BPS 498, PHP 497 or PHP 498) or an approved course outside of the college for their third required elective.

A listing of approved courses for professional electives is available on the College’s website: uri.edu/pharmacy/academic/pharmd/curriculum/professional-electives.  All requests for non-approved courses as professional electives must be reviewed and approved by the Associate Dean for Student and Academic Affairs.

Students desiring to expand their understanding in biomedical, pharmaceutical, and pharmacy research may select professional electives that focus learning on the theory and practice of laboratory research techniques, the evaluation and quantification of results, and on the understanding and interpreting of scientific literature. They will develop skills for oral and written communication of hypotheses, methods, and interpretations, and will carry out basic scientific research in one of the following four areas of specialization: medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy, pharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics, pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacoeconomics, or pharmacology and toxicology. Students focusing their elective professional courses in this manner may also be able to apply and work toward an M.S. degree with a focus in one of the following areas:

Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy: Molecular mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis; combinatorial chemistry; solid-phase peptide synthesis; screening, isolation, and structure elucidation of physiologically-active natural products; biosynthesis of microbial and plant natural products; herbal medicine.

Pharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics: Design, development, production, evaluation, and regulatory approval of pharmaceutical and self care products as well as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies using virtual, clinical, and preclinical data, often with an emphasis on population approaches.

Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics: Health and economic outcomes research pertaining to pharmacotherapy as used in human populations. Specializations include medication adherence, decision and cost-effectiveness analyses, post-marketing surveillance, epidemiologic methods, and quality improvement and measurement.

Pharmacology and Toxicology: Research projects explore the mechanisms involved in various disease states and their pharmacological intervention, and mechanisms of toxicity of various environmental agents. Ongoing topics include the effects of hormonal imbalances and antihypertensive agents on cardiac function and metabolism in hypertension, diagnosis and treatment of arthritis, effect of septic shock on drug metabolism, developmental neurotoxicity of environmental agents, hepatoxicity and nephrotoxicity of heavy metals, interindividual variation in metabolism of heterocyclic amine carcinogens, regulation and genetic heterogeneity of enzymes involved in drug and xenobiotic metabolism, calcium- and non-calcium mediated pathways of cell death, and the development of inhibitors to cell signaling events.

Pharmacy and French

Pharmacy and French. Qualified students can graduate in six years with both a Pharm.D. degree and a B.A. degree in French. It is recommended that students wishing to double major come to URI with four years of high school French and advanced placement credits.

B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences (B.S.P.S.)

The four-year program offers students a solid foundation in the basic sciences, broad exposure to the liberal arts, and expertise in one of several areas of specialization within the pharmaceutical sciences. It is designed to provide educational and training experiences that prepare students for careers in the pharmaceutical, consumer product, and health care industries. Graduates of the B.S.P.S. program will be qualified to seek a diverse range of career options that include: research and development, manufacturing, product marketing, sales, testing, and administrative positions within the pharmaceutical industry; research and regulatory oversight careers within government agencies; and research and teaching positions in academia. As a prelude to many of these career opportunities, the program prepares students for graduate studies in the expanding fields of pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences.

The first two years of the program include rigorous basic science requirements plus a broad exposure to the humanities, arts, and social sciences. The science component of the curriculum is consistent with the admission requirements of most basic science graduate programs and professional schools. Courses offered in the third and fourth year will be drawn primarily from our existing curriculum, and will be taught by Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (BPS) and Department of Pharmacy Practice (PHP) faculty. They provide solid, fundamental training in the pharmaceutical sciences. The fourth-year curriculum also includes BPS course offerings and selected electives from other departments on campus, such as the basic sciences and business. Students may also elect to obtain course credits for laboratory research performed under the guidance of a faculty mentor. These fourth-year offerings will present students with the opportunity, under the supervision of the B.S.P.S. program advisor, to tailor their academic program to prepare them for the specific career paths that they choose. The 120-credit requirement for graduation provides education and training comparable to that offered by similar B.S.P.S. programs, and conforms to University credit requirements for four-year degree programs.

B.S.P.S. Curriculum Requirements.

B.S.P.S. Curriculum Requirements. The curriculum contains four distinct components. The first component consists of 35 credits of general education requirements that will provide broad exposure to the humanities, arts, and social sciences. The second component consists of 41 credits of basic science and mathematics courses that will deliver a firm foundation in the sciences, and satisfy admission requirement for most basic science graduate programs and professional schools. The third component is the B.S.P.S. core requirement, consisting of 38 credits of new and existing BPS/PHP courses, which will offer students a strong, basic, and applied understanding of the pharmaceutical sciences. The fourth component of 6 credits, comprising B.S.P.S. electives, is drawn from upper level B.S.P.S. courses and selected electives from other programs on campus, particularly those from the basic sciences and business. These courses allow our students to tailor a program of study to suit their specific career goals.

Freshman Year
First Semester: 15 credits

CHM 101 (3), 102 (1); BIO 101/103 (4); COM 100 (3); URI 101 (1); general education elective (3)

Second semester: 14 or 15 credits

CHM 112 (3), 114 (1); BIO 121 (4); MTH 131 (3) or 141 (4); WRT 106 (3)

Sophomore Year
First Semester: 17 credits

CHM 227 (3); MIC 201 (4); BIO 242 (3); PHY 111 (3), 185 (1); ECN 201 (3)

Second semester: 17 credits

CHM 226 (2), 228 (3); BCH 311 (3); STA 308 (3), general education electives (6)

Junior Year
First Semester: 15 credits

BPS 301/303/305 (6); 311 (2); 313 (2); 321 (2); B.S.P.S. or general education elective (3)

Second semester: 13 credits

BPS 325 (2), 443 (2), 445 (3); general education electives (6)

Pharmaceutics Specialization
Senior Year
First semester: 15 credits

BPS 425 (3), 487/587 (3), 503 (3); PHP 580 (3); CHM 522 (3)

Second semester: 13 credits

BPS 405 (3), 442 (3), 451 (4); B.S.P.S. or general education elective (3)

Natural Products Specialization
Senior Year
First semester: 15 credits

BPS 425 (3), 487/587 (3), 503 (3); PHP 580 (3); CHM 551 (3)

Second semester: 13 credits

BPS 442 (3), 451 (4), 535 (3); B.S.P.S. or general education elective (3)

Cosmetic Specialization
Senior Year
First semester: 15 credits

BPS 425 (3), 487/587 (3), 503 (3), 530 (3); PHP 580 (3)

Second semester: 13 credits

BPS 442 (3), 451 (4), 560 (3); B.S.P.S. or general education elective (3)

Pharmacology/Toxicology Specialization
Senior Year
First semester: 15 credits

BPS 425 (3), 487/587 (3), 503 (3), 551 (3); PHP 580 (3)

Second semester: 13 credits

BPS 442 (3), 451 (4), 533 (3); B.S.P.S. or general education elective (3)


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