Interdepartmental Minors

See descriptions of approved interdepartmental minors below. For more information about minors available within each field of study, visit the website or contact the dean’s office of the relevant college.

Africana Studies

Students who declare Africana studies as a minor are required to take two core courses: AAF 201 and 202 (six credits). In addition, students select four electives (12 credits) from the following: AAF 360, 390, 410; APG 313; COM 333; ECN 386; ENG 247, 248, 362, 363, 364, 474; HIS 150, 384, 388; and PSC 408. Students who want to use other courses that have as their central focus some aspect of the black experience may do so with permission from the program director.

For a description of the degree program for the major, see Africana Studies in the College of Arts and Sciences section.

Asian Studies

Students who declare a minor in Asian studies are required to complete 18 credits including at least two courses (6 credits) from the following: HIS 171, 172, 374, 375; PHL 331; PSC 377; RLS 131. The remaining 12 credits may be selected from the preceding group or from the following: BUS 317/COM 354; CHN 101, 102, 103, 104, 111, 112, 113, 114, 205, 206, 215, 216, 305, 306, 307, 314, 315, 316, 320, 401, 421, 422, 497, 498; COM 361, 461, 491, 492; HIS 391, 481, 495; JPN 101, 102, 103, 104; LAN 191, 192, 193, 194, 205, 206; PSC 303, 455, 456. At least 12 of the 18 credits must be taken at the 200 level or above. Students interested in the minor should contact Professor Timothy George in the History Department. A member of the Asian Studies Advisory Committee will then be assigned as the advisor for the minor and will assist the student to fulfill its requirements.

Biological Sciences

Students who declare biology as a minor must take BIO 101/103, BIO 102/104, and MIC 211 or MIC 201. The remaining courses may be selected from BCH 311 and any BIO or MIC course. At least 18-20 credits are required, and at least 12 of the 20 credits must be taken at the 200 level or above.

For a description of the degree program for the major, see Biological Sciences in CELS.

Community Planning

The minor in Community Planning is for those students in all fields who wish to expand their knowledge of the processes of community planning and development while completing their education at URI. The minor is designed to encourage or improve the student’s professional knowledge of community planning and development issues. The minor requires a total of 18 credits. Nine of the 18 credits are the required courses and the remaining are elective courses.

CPL 410 is the required introductory core course for the minor. In addition, each student is required to complete six credits from the following list: CPL 391, 434, 450, 485, and 538. A maximum of 3 credits of CPL 391 can be applied toward the required courses of the minor. Alternatively, three credits of CPL 391 can be applied toward the elective courses in the minor.

Successful completion of nine credits of elective courses from the following list is required in consultation with the community planning minor advisor, Professor Farhad Atash: AAF/PSC 410, 466; CPL/GEG 202; CPL 391, 392, 397; CVE 346; ECN 402; GEG 101, 104, 200, 202; HDF 418, 424, 434, 440; LAR 201, 202; MAF 465, 475, 484; NRS/CPL 300; NRS 415, 450; PHL 318; PSC 221, 402; and SOC 214, 240. These elective courses cannot be simultaneously counted toward a major.

The Department of Landscape Architecture in the College of the Environment and Life Sciences administers this minor. Interested students should contact Professor Farhad Atash in the West Tower Office of Rodman Hall (third floor), 401.874.2982 or

Comparative Literature Studies

Students who declare comparative literature studies as a minor must earn 18 credits distributed as follows: six credits in comparative literature studies at the 200 level or above; 12 credits from literature courses in comparative literature, English, or languages, of which six credits must be in one national literature either in the original language or in translation. Students majoring in English or languages may not count courses in their major toward this minor.

Forensic Science

Students who declare a minor in forensic science must complete 18 credits including two credits of CHM 391, three credits of CHM 392 (Introduction to Criminalistics), and three credits of research or a practicum related to forensic science. The practicum can be in the form of participating in a Forensic Science Partnership research project or internship on or off campus. The remaining 13 credits may be selected from the following: APG 300*, 350*; APG/PSY 405*, APG 417; BCH/BIO/ASP/PLS 352*; BCH/MIC 403; BCH/BIO 437*, 451*; BCH 481*, 482*, 484*; BIO 242*, 244*; BIO 381/ENT 385*, BIO 382/ENT 386*; BMS 225*, 313, 322, 325, 326, 416, 525, 530*, 535*, 544, 546; CHE 332*, 333, 438*, 491, 539*, 576; CHM 226*, 228*, 412*, 414*, 425*; COM 215; DHY/CMD/PHT 440*; ENT 411 or 511*; GEO 103, 320*, 321*, 554*; PHP 316, 318, 324; PLS/ASP 355*; PLS 361*; PSC 472*; PSY 254*, 335*, 460, 466, 479; SOC 216, 230, 370, 420*; SOC/PSC 274*; TMD 303*, 313*

(asterisked courses have prerequisites not included in this program; students are responsible for completing these prior to enrolling in the course).

Courses required for a student’s major cannot also be used to satisfy the minor requirements. It is suggested that no more than two courses in the minor be from any one department and that all students take at least one chemistry course in addition to CHM 391. Students interested in this minor should contact Professor Jimmie Oxley, Department of Chemistry.


The minor in geography is designed to enhance student spatial skills. Global awareness is a fundamental component of many programs of study here at URI. It is a critical element in developing spatial literacy. The required courses for the minor include GEG 101 (3 credits) and three of the following (9 credits): GEG 104, 200, and 511.

Six credits of electives are chosen from the following list in consultation with the geography advisor, Professor William Gordon: AAF/PSC 410, 466; APG 203; CPL 410; GEG 202, 350; GEO 103, 210; HIS (a state, regional, or national history course); OCG 123; PSC 116, 377, 403, 407, and 408. These courses cannot be double-counted for a student’s academic minor and major.

The Department of Landscape Architecture, within the College of the Environment and Life Sciences, administers this program. Interested students should contact Professor William Gordon in the East Tower Office of Rodman Hall (third floor), 401.874.5108 or


The program in gerontology is a University-wide program that promotes study, teaching, and research in aging. It also maintains relationships with state and local agencies serving Rhode Island’s older population. This affords opportunities for research, internships, and field experiences to students interested in the problems of aging.

The Bachelor of Science program in human development and family studies is the recommended major for gerontology. There is also the opportunity for students taking their major studies in a number of areas to do a less specialized study in aging by declaring a minor in gerontology. This must be done no later than the first semester of the senior year. It requires 18 or more credits in aging-related studies approved by the program in gerontology and the college in which the student is registered.

HDF 314 (Introduction to Gerontology) is required for either specialization. Undergraduate gerontology courses include NFS 395; HDF 431 and 440; and SOC 438. Also relevant are HDF 421, 450, 480; NUR 349, 360; and BIO 242.

It is important to take courses that fulfill degree requirements from the beginning. Students who wish to specialize in aging are advised to contact the program in gerontology early in their University studies.

Hunger Studies

This minor intends to prepare students for leadership roles in understanding and eradicating hunger. Requirements include 18 credits (at least 12 at the 200-level or above), nine of which will be core courses, including the introductory course HSS 130; up to three 1-3-credit internships; and a 3-credit capstone course which will include one credit for portfolio development. No course may be used for both the major and minor. Courses in general education may be used for the minor.

All courses must be taken for a grade, except for the internship and portfolio credits, and a grade of 2.00 or better must be earned in each graded course. To declare this minor, a student must have the approval of a program advisor and an academic advisor. For more information, contact Professor Kathleen Gorman, Director, Feinstein Center for a Hunger Free America, Ranger Hall, 309.

Core courses: 9 credits; HSS/PSY 130 (4 credits), Internship (total of 3 credits), HDF 434 (3-credit capstone, 1 credit for portfolio development). Optional: URI 101 with a focus on hunger/social justice (1 credit).

Electives: 9 credits; may be focused on a particular theme. Approved electives include CPL 210; CPL/NRS 300; NFS 276, 394, 395; HDF 357, 489G; HSS 120; PHL 217; PLS 305; PSC 221.

International Development

The international development minor is available to undergraduates interested in employment overseas or in domestic enterprises with international operations.

Students choosing this minor must complete 18 credits, with a maximum of six credits at the 100 or 200 level. Students must complete the following: 1) NRS 300 (three credits); 2) language or culture (six to nine credits), to be met by the completion of at least six language credits through the intermediate level (103 or 104) or placement in the conversation and composition level (205 or 206) and completion of at least six credits in the same language or culture cluster (placement for course work is determined by the Educational Testing Service exam as administered by the University’s Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures in the following languages: French, Spanish, German, and Russian; the University also offers Portuguese and selected other languages that, with permission, could satisfy the requirement; six credits are allowed in the general education requirements for language and culture); 3) an approved internship (three to six credits) providing international development experience during the junior or senior year (NRS 487); and three credits of an advanced-level seminar (NRS 496). See “Courses of Instruction” later in this catalog  for descriptions of NRS 300, 487, and 496.

The College of the Environment and Life Sciences administers this program; interested students should contact Professor David Abedon in Natural Resources Sciences, Coastal Institute, Kingston, Room 113, 401.874.4655.

International Relations

The minor in international relations is designed to provide a basic grounding in theory and practice of international affairs for students with an interest in global issues. Drawing upon upper-level courses in economics, history, and political science, the program integrates existing course offerings and provides a focused option in international affairs.

Students must complete a minimum of 18 credits, drawn from the required courses and options outlined below. Please note that students are responsible for completing any necessary prerequisites before enrolling in these courses. One common prerequisite for the political science courses is PSC 116—Introduction to International Politics. Required courses may not be offered every semester, so please contact your advisor before your senior year. Requirements include PSC 211, ECN 338 or PSC 422, and one of the following capstone courses: PSC 408, 416, 417, 422, 431, 434, 435, 481, 544, 580, 581, and 584. The capstone course cannot be used to meet any other requirement within the minor.

In addition to the required courses, students must take at least one course from each of the following groups, for a total of 18 credits: international relations theory (PSC 300, 350, 417, 431, 434, 435, 544, 546, 580, and 584); international political economy (ECN 305, 338, 344, 363; PSC 402, 403,422, 521, 581, and 595); comparative government (HIS 332, 333, 374, 375, 381, 382, 384, 388; PSC 201, 320, 321, 377, 408, 410, 415, 416, 481, and 584).

The Department of Political Science administers this program; interested students should contact Professor Marc Hutchison, Professor Nicolai Petro or Professor Richard McIntyre.

Justice, Law, and Society

Students declaring a minor in justice, law, and society must complete a minimum of 18 credits from among the courses listed below. At least three credits must be completed in each of the three groups. Several of the courses have prerequisites not included in this program; students are responsible for completing these prerequisites prior to enrolling in the course. Other courses, such as topics courses, may be approved for credit by the program coordinator. Interested students should contact Professor Leo Carroll in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology. Criminal Justice: HDF/SOC 437; PSC/SOC 274; PSY 254, 261, 335, 460, 465, 466; SOC 230, 330, 331, 370, 420; SOC/PSC 476; GWS 370, 401. Law: ECN 337, 415; ENG 356; PHL 430; PSC 388, 369, 472. Social Justice: AAF 201; APG 311, 322; ECN 305, 386; GWS (WMS) 150, 310, 402; HIS/AAF 150, 355, 356; HIS 328, 344, 346, 349, 352, 366, 367; PHL 210, 217, 314, 318; PSC 441; PSY 480; SOC 240, 242, 413, 428, 438.

Labor Studies

The labor studies minor is available to students interested in employment issues and the problems faced by working people in the United States and abroad. Students declaring this minor are required to complete 18 credits including LRS 480, Seminar in Labor Studies. The remaining 15 credits can be selected from HIS 349; BUS 344, 444; SOC 241, 336, 320, 350, and 432; PSC 369, 472, and 498; ECN 338, 368, 381, and 386; and COM 460 or other courses approved in consultation with Schmidt Labor Research Center  faculty. The labor studies minor is administered by the Schmidt Labor Research Center. Information can be obtained from Professor Richard Scholl in the center, Hart House, 36 Upper College Road, 401.874.2239.

Leadership Studies

The minor in leadership studies is based on a broad cross-disciplinary philosophy of leadership. The goal is to prepare students for leadership roles and responsibilities. The minor will provide students with opportunities to develop and enhance a personal philosophy of leadership that includes understanding of self, others, and community as well as the acceptance of responsibility inherent in community membership. The curriculum is focused on expanding students’ knowledge, skills, and understanding of specific leadership theories, concepts, and models in applied settings.

The minor includes the following three areas: education that consists of exposure to leadership theories, concepts, and models; leadership training that is directed at skill areas in leadership; and developmental aspects that require academic and co-academic experiences and reflection intended to empower students to mature and develop greater levels of leadership complexity, integration, and proficiency.

To declare a minor in leadership studies, a student must first visit the Center for Student Leadership Development (CSLD) in the Memorial Union to begin the enrollment process, and then inform his or her major academic advisor. A program advisor will facilitate the student’s process through the minor, and help assure that class, internship, and portfolio requirements are completed.

Leadership minors must complete 18 or more credits related to leadership offered by more than one department. Requirements include a core of nine credits as follows: 1) a choice of an introductory course (HDF 190 or HDF 290); 2) a choice of a capstone course (BUS 441/COM 402 or HDF 412); 3) an internship with specific requirements including conceptual understanding, skill development through experience and feedback, and personal awareness, assessment, and growth; each internship requires 80 hours of fieldwork; the specific internship course will depend on the student’s particular major or depend on the specific supervisor and/or advisor for the internship site; 4) a one-credit portfolio course. The portfolios are multidimensional collections of work that reflect the students’ experiences in and out of the classroom as they relate to leadership knowledge, training, and experiences. The student’s program advisor will work with the student on the development of the portfolio as an ongoing project.

Students will also choose nine elective credits from several approved courses. Other courses may be appropriate and may be added to this list with the approval of the Leadership Advisory Committee: AAF 300; BUS 340, 341, 342, 441, 442, 443; COM 100, 202, 208, 210, 220, 221, 302, 308, 322, 351, 361, 383, 385, 402, 407, 413, 421, 422, 450, 451, 461, 462; CSV 302; GWS (WMS) 150, 310, 350; HDF 190, 290, 291, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 437, 450; HPR 118, 203, 412; KIN 375; MSL 201, 202, 301; PSC 304, 369, 504; PHL 212; SOC 300/GWS (WMS) 350; THE 221, 341.

Visit for a complete, up-to-date list.

For more information on this minor, contact the Center for Student Leadership Development, Memorial Union, room 210, 401.874.5282.

Medieval Studies

The interdisciplinary Undergraduate Minor in Medieval Studies offers students the opportunity to acquire an understanding of the historical, cultural, and social forces of the Middle Ages (approximately 500 to 1500 C.E.). The societies of medieval Europe and its Mediterranean neighbors began the first universities, established the nation-state, developed extended fictional narrative and the idea of romantic love, and laid the foundations of modern science, constitutional government, banking, and capitalism. Augustine, Dante, Aquinas, Saladin, Frederick II, Saint Louis, Maimonides, Averroes, Al-Ghazali, Innocent III, Joan of Arc, and Christine de Pizan, amongst many others, have made their mark on modern thought and cultural practice. In many ways, the Middle Ages contributed to the world that today’s students have inherited and need to understand.

Undergraduates who contemplate applying for the minor should contact the Undergraduate Advisor, Professor Joëlle Rollo-Koster, to discuss their interests and needs.

A minor requires a minimum of 18 credits with at least 12 credits at the 200-level or above.  A minimum grade point average of 2.00 is required in the minor and at least half the credits in the minor must be taken at URI.  Minors require approval of the department chair.


STRONGLY RECOMMENDED: HIS 112 Medieval Europe and LAT 101 (6 credits); the remaining 12 credits can be chosen amongst the following courses:

ARH 251 Introduction to Art History: Ancient-Medieval
ARH 356 Medieval Art

ENG 478 Medieval Authors
ENG 381 Topics in Medieval and Renaissance Literature (can be repeated once with change of topic)
ENG 382 Medieval and Renaissance Authors (can be repeated once with change of topic)
ENG 535 Old English

HIS 112 Medieval Europe
HIS 176 Islamic History to 1492
HIS 304 Western Europe
HIS 305 The Renaissance
HIS 308 Medieval Women
HIS 379 The Jews of Islamic Lands
HIS 401 Advanced Topics in European History (with medieval focus)
HIS 495 Seminar in European History (with medieval focus)

ITL 395 Dante in English
ITL 301 Civilization of Italy (from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance)
ITL 325 Introduction to Italian Literature
ITL 455 Selected Italian Authors (with medieval focus)
ITL 481 Dante in Italian

PHL 322 Medieval Philosophy

LAT 101-102-301-310 (310 is a one credit course attached to another 3-credit course in which the student reads part of the reading list in Latin)

Students will also have the possibility to choose a Directed Study: 3 credits, in one of the proposed fields: Art History, English, French, History, Italian, Latin, and Philosophy, with the approval of the appropriate instructor.  For example, if taken with the history department it would be HIS 391.


New England Studies

New England Studies is an 18 credit minor. Students must take either NES 200 or 300 and elect at least one course from each of the following four categories. Aesthetic Dimensions: ENG 347. Cultural Patterns: APG 317; ENG 337; PSC 221. Historical Dimensions: HIS 335, 346, 362. Physical Dimensions: BIO 323, BIO 418; GEO 101; NRS 301, 302. Permission can be obtained from the Committee for New England Studies to use any rotating topics course, seminar, etc., whose focus is on some aspect of New England as a substitute for any of the above courses. The minor in New England Studies is coordinated by the Art Department. Interested students should contact Professor Ron Onorato at 401.874.2769 or

Nonviolence and Peace Studies

Students who declare a minor in nonviolence and peace studies should complete a minimum of 18 credits, as follows: 1) NVP 200, a one-credit colloquium course on Nonviolence and Peace Studies; 2) a nonviolence training experience such as one of the two-day workshops offered by URI’s Center for Nonviolence and Peace Studies (or training offered by the American Friends Service Committee, Fellowship of Reconciliation, or similar organization), combined with three credits of directed reading/independent study focused on the history, theory, and application of nonviolence. Credits may be earned in HDF 498, HIS 391, HPR 401 or 402, PHL 499, PSC 455 or 456, PSY 489, SOC 498 or 499, and should be chosen in consultation with the student’s advisor for the minor and other faculty; 3) a minimum of one of the following three-credit courses in individual/interpersonal peace processes: COM 221, 422; HDF 450; HPR 107, 110; PSY 479Y, 479H; or SOC 408; 4) a minimum of one of the following three-credit courses in societal/global peace processes: AAF/PSC 380; COM 310, 361; ECN 386; HPR 411; PHL 217; SOC 318; and 5) additional related courses totaling a minimum of 18 credits for the minor, such as AAF/SOC 240, 336; AAF/HIS 359, 366; AAF/SOC 428; COM 310, 322, 421, 461; ECN 381; GWS (WMS) 150, 310, 350, and 351; HDF 230; HIS 328, 349; PSY 103, 334, 335; PSY/SOC 430; SOC 216, 230, 274, 330, 331, 370, 413, 420, 452. Students are responsible for meeting applicable prerequisites for courses in the minor, or for obtaining the instructor’s permission to take a course.

Interested students should contact Professor Charles Collyer in the Department of Psychology (401.874.4227 or


The minor in oceanography is available to students interested in scientific understanding of the ocean, including its role in controlling the environment in which we live, its usefulness as a resource, and the importance of marine area protection and sustainability.

Students choosing this minor must complete 18 credits, at least 9 of which must be from OCG courses. Courses may not be taken on a pass-fail basis (except for OCG 493/494). The following course requirements must be met: 1) One OCG course and up to one other course from the following 100-level course list: CHM 100; GEO 103; MAF 100, 120; OCG 110, 123, 131. 2) One of these three general oceanography courses: OCG 123, 401, 451. 3) The remaining 7-12 credits from the following courses: APG 413; BIO 345, 360, 418, 455, 457, 469, 475, 495; EVS 366; GEO 277, 450, 465; MAF 330, 415, 461, 465, 471, 482, 484, 490, 511; MCE 354; OCE 301, 307, 310, 311, 471; OCG 420, 440, 480, 493/494, 501, 506, 517, 521, 540, 561. Permission of the program administrator is needed if OCG 493 or 494 is used to satisfy requirement 3 (above). Other courses may be substituted, at the request of the student and with permission of the program administrator. The Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) administers this program. Interested students should contact GSO Associate Dean David Smith at 401.874.6172 or

Public Relations

Students can minor in public relations by completing 18 course credits from communication studies, journalism, and marketing, as specified. Communication studies majors take any WRT course in addition to their general education requirement, PRS 491, JOR/PRS 340, BUS 365, and two additional marketing courses. Journalism majors take COM 210, 302, 351, BUS 365, and two additional marketing courses. Marketing majors take any WRT course in addition to their general education requirement, PRS 340, 491, and COM 210, 302. Other majors take two applicable courses in communication studies, journalism, and marketing. Interested students should contact Regina Bell (401.874.2857).

Special Populations

This interdepartmental minor gives students the opportunity to explore theory and gain practical experience through working with people who have special needs. This includes people who have disabilities (physical, emotional, mental, or educational) or are different socioeconomically, behaviorally, or culturally. A minimum of 18 credits may be earned by taking the required courses (HDF 200 or PSY 232; PSY 442), a minimum of three credits in supervised field experience, and a minimum of nine credits of selected electives.

Courses are chosen in consultation with an advisor from one of the participating departments: Communication Studies; Education; Nutrition and Food Sciences; Human Development and Family Studies; Nursing; Kinesiology; Psychology; Sociology and Anthropology; Textiles, Fashion Merchandising, and Design; or Theatre. The College of Human Science and Services administers the program.


In addition to fulfilling all the basic requirements for a minor (see Minor Fields of Study), students declaring a minor in sustainability complete the following four requirements:

(1) A “synthesis course” selected from a series of courses that focus on principles of sustainability (AFS/BCH/MIC/NRS/PLS 190; BIO 262; COM 315; GEO 100; HPR 411; MAF 100, 220, 330, 465; NRS 100; OCG 110, 123; 3 credits).

(2) An internship that includes hands-on sustainability experience on campus or in the community. Course can include research, service learning, and/or leadership. Minimum of 3 credits. Course can be repeated for up to 6 credits. Students may elect to take an internship offered from within a given major. Some majors have generic internship courses in which students may seek approval for from 3-6 credits (e.g. COM 471/472; ITR 301/302; NRS 487); others would need to use the Center for Career and Experiential Education to arrange for an appropriate internship of from 3-12 credits, only 3 of which would be required for the minor. (For more information, see Use of the internship activity to fulfill requirements of the minor requires approval by the sustainability minor coordinator(s).

(3) Elective courses selected from the following approved lists, with at least one course from each of the three core areas (9 credits): ECONOMICS: EEC 105, 205, 310, 345, 440, 441; ECN 201, 202. SOCIAL EQUITY/JUSTICE: APG 203; COM 410, 415, 462; HPR 319; NFS 207; SOC 242, 318, 350, 413, 438, 452, SOC/AAF 240, 336, 428. ENVIRONMENT: AFS 102, 120; BIO 101/103, 467; CHM 100; GEO 103; LAR 444, 445; NFS 276; NRS 223, 300, 361, 401/501, 411/511, 414/514, 445/545; OCG 131; PLS 306, 311, 324; TMD 226.

(4) A capstone course requiring submission of a brief proposal describing the intended work and how it relates to sustainability, the associated course, and the faculty sponsor. The faculty member may well be simply signing off on a course that s/he teaches as part of a regular workload (COM 455/HPR319; MAF 472, 475; NRS 496; NRS/MAF 527; OCG 480/580; PSC 403), or may be agreeing to sponsor the student’s work in a special studies arrangement, which could be an add-on to the internship or could stand alone. The sustainability minor coordinator(s) must approve the proposed capstone course.

The Sustainability Minor Committee is consulted on the appropriateness of capstone courses, internships, and the addition of any new courses to the minor. For more information, contact Professor Judith Swift, 401.874.4739, or

Thanatology (Death, Dying, and Bereavement)

The interdisciplinary minor in thanatology provides a basic understanding of loss, death, dying, and grief.

Students are required to take 18 credits (12 of which are at the 200 level or above) in the following core areas: thanatology (minimum of 9 credits);  communications, counseling, gerontology and psychology (minimum of 3 credits); and ethics, philosophy and religion (minimum of 3 credits). Courses may be selected from the following approved list. Thanatology:  HDF/THN 421, 471; HPR 119; NUR 527; NUR/THN 360, 424, 425, 526, 529; PHP 460; PSC 440. Communications, Counseling, Gerontology, and Psychology: COM 100, 221, 251, 324, 325, 361, 422; HDF 314, 430, 450, 535; PSY 113, 232, 399. Ethics, Philosophy, and Religion: PHL 103, 212, 314, 328, 346, 401 (when related to thanatology); RLS 111, 125, 126, 131, 151. Other related courses: Independent study related to thanatology, i.e. HDF 498, NUR/THN 390 (check with faculty advisor), HPR 401/402 and other HPR coded courses (when related to thanatology). For additional information, see  For academic advisement and course approvals, and to declare a thanatology minor, contact Professor Carolyn Hames ( in the College of Nursing.


Underwater Archaeology

To obtain a minor in underwater archaeology, students must take 18 credits in history, historical archaeology, anthropology, classical archaeology, oceanography, and marine policy, at least 12 of which must be at the 200 level or above. The required courses and options are outlined below.

Students must take HIS/APG 490, and either APG 417 or ARH 475 (six credits). Students are encouraged to take these required 400-level courses toward the end of their program of studies. In addition, students must take one course from each of the following four groups: classical archaeology/material culture (ARH 251, 354, 475; ARH/APG 465); anthropology (APG 202, 203, 302, 303, 319, 417; APG/MAF 413); history (HIS 130, 389, 390, 396); oceanography/marine policy (OCE 110, 123, 401, 451; MAF 100, 220).

Interested students should contact Professor Rod Mather in the History Department (401.874.4093 or

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