Open-ended courses are permanent courses for which subject matter may vary between offerings. Seminars, workshops, colloquia, special problems, and special topics are all included under the term open-ended courses (University Manual 8.80.11). Independent study and directed study courses are not included in this category. Propose the course code and number for the “shell” of an open-ended course using a New Course Proposal form and include a syllabus and title for the first topic offering. Subsequent topics (title and description) may be submitted to Enrollment Services using this form. Approval by the department chair and college dean are required for each topic. Specific topics may be offered only three times. After three offerings, the topic may not be offered unless it is approved through the appropriate channels as either a permanent course or as a permanent topic within an open-ended course and shall be included in the catalog. Use the New Course Proposal form to propose either a permanent course or a permanent topic within an open-ended course.