Refereed Journal Articles or Book Chapters
(in Reverse Chronological Order)

  • Lazar, J.G., K. Addy, A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, R.A. McKinney, and D.Q. Kellogg. 2015.  Beaver ponds: Resurgent nitrogen sinks for rural watersheds in the Northeast U.S.A.  Journal of Environmental Quality 44:1684-1693.
  • Lazar, J.G., K. Addy, M.K. Welsh, A.J. Gold, and P.M. Groffman. 2014. Resurgent beaver ponds in the northeastern US: Implications for greenhouse gas emissions.  Journal of Environmental Quality 43:1844-1852.
    Lazar, J.G., A.J. Gold, K. Addy, P.M. Mayer, K.J. Forshay, and P. M Groffman.  2014.  Instream large wood: Denitrification hotspots with low N2O Production.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association 50: 615-625.
  • Gold, A., K. Addy, M.B. David, L.A. Schipper and B.A. Needelman. 2013. Artificial Sinks: Opportunities and Challenges for Managing Offsite Nitrogen Losses. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education.
    Jahangir, M.M.R., P. Johnston, K. Addy, M.I. Khalil, P.M. Groffman, and K.G. RIchards. 2013, Quantification of In Situ Denitrification Rates in Groundwater Below an Arable and a Grassland System. Water Air Soil Pollution 224:1693 DOI 10.1007/s11270-013-1693-z
    Gold, A.J. et al. 2013. Advancing water resource management in agricultural, rural, and urbanizing watersheds: Why land-grant universities matter. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 68:337-348 doi:10.2489/jswc.68.4.337
    Zhou, Y., Y.Q. Wang, A.J. Gold, P.V. August and T.B. Boving. 2013. Assessing impact of urban impervious surface on watershed hydrology using distributed object-oriented simulation and spatial regression.  GeoJournal 79:155-166.
    Addy, K., A.J. Gold. M. Stolt, and S. Donohue.  2013.  Groundwater denitrification capacity and nitrous oxide flux of former fringing salt marshes filled with human-transported materials.  Urban Ecosystems.   16:295-311, DOI 10.1007/s11252-01266-z.
  • Newcomer, T.A, S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Mayer, A. R. Shields, E. A. Canuel, P. M. Groffman, and A. J. Gold.  2012.  Influence of natural & novel organic carbon sources on denitrification in forested, degraded-urban, & restored streams. Ecological Monographs. 82:449-466.
    McCann, A. and A.J. Gold. 2012. Engendering Behavior Change Through Single-Session Workshops: Lessons Learned from Extension’s Private Well Initiative. Journal of Extension. 50:Article 1RIB7. 8 pages.


  • McNally. C. G., E. Uchida and A.J. Gold. 2011.  Sustaining Mangrove Ecosystem Services through a Protected Area: Can giving up short-run gains from natural resources avoid a long-run poverty trap? Proceedings of the Nat’l Acad. of Science. 108:13945-13950.


  • Groffman P. M., A. J. Gold, L. Duriancik and R. R. Lowrance. 2010. From connecting the dots to threading the needle: The challenges ahead in managing agricultural landscapes for environmental quality.  In: Nowak, P. and M. Schnepf, Ed.. Managing Agricultural Landscapes for Environmental Quality II. 1-12.
    Schipper, L., A.J. Gold and E. Davidson. 2010. Managing Denitrification in Human Dominated Landscapes.  Ecological Engineering. 36:1503-1506.
    Schipper, L.A., W.D. Robertson, A.J. Gold, D.B. Jaynes, S.C. Cameron, 2010. Denitrifying bioreactors—An approach for reducing nitrate loads to
    receiving waters. Ecol. Eng. (2010), doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.04.008
    Oakely, S.M., A. J. Gold and A. J. Oczkowski. 2010. Nitrogen Control through Decentralized Wastewater Treatment: Process Performance and Alternative Management Strategies. Ecological Engineering.doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.04.030
    Pelletier, M.C., A.J. Gold, J.F. Heltshe, H.W. Buffum, A method to identify estuarine macroinvertebrate pollution indicator species in
    the Virginian Biogeographic Province, Ecological Indicators 10 (2010) 1037–1048
    Kellogg, D.Q., A.J. Gold, S. Cox, K. Addy, and P.V. August. 2010. A geospatial approach for assessing denitrification sinks within lower-order catchments. Ecological Engineering 36: 1596-1606.
    Osmond, D., N. Nadkarni, C.T. Driscoll, E. Andrews, A.J. Gold, S. B. Allred, A.R. Berkowitz, M. Klemens, T. Loecke, M. McGarry, K. Schwarz, M. Washington. 2010.  The Role of Interface Organizations in Science Communication and Understanding. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 6:306-313.
    Watson, Tara K., Dorothy Q. Kellogg, Kelly Addy, Arthur J. Gold, Mark H. Stolt, Sean W. Donohue, and Peter M. Groffman, 2010. Groundwater Denitrification Capacity of Riparian Zones in Suburban and Agricultural Watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 46(2):237-245. DOI: 10.1111 / j.1752-1688. 2010.00418.x
  • Donohue, S.W., M.H. Stolt, A.J. Gold and P. Groffman. 2009. Human transported material soils of urbanizing estuarine landscapes. SSSAJ. 73. 1587-1596.
    Blazejewski, G.A., M.H. Stolt, A.J. Gold, N. Gurwick and P.M. Groff man. 2009. Spatial distribution of carbon in the subsurface of riparian zones. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 73(5):1733–1740.
    McCann, A., J. Peterson, and A.J. Gold. 2009. Using planning and evaluation tools to target extension outputs and outcomes: The New England private well symposium example. Journal of Extension. 47(3): 3TOT4. 9 pages.
    Anthony, A., J. Atwood, P. August, C. Byron, S. Cobb, C. Foster, C. Fry, A. Gold, K. Hagos, L. Heffner, D. Q. Kellogg, K. Lellis-Dibble, J. J. Opaluch, C. Oviatt, A. Pfeiffer-Herbert, N. Rohr, L. Smith, T. Smythe, J. Swift, and N. Vinhateiro. 2009. Coastal lagoons and climate change: ecological and social ramifications in U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coast ecosystems. Ecology and Society 14(1): 8.
    Groffman, P.M., K. Butterbach-Bahl, R.W. Fulweiler, A.J. Gold, J.L. Morse, E.K. Stander, C. Tague, C. Tonitto, and P. Vis. 2009. Challenges to incorporating spatially and temporally explicit phenomena (hotspots and hot moments) in denitrification models. Biogeochemistry 93: 49-77.
  • Gurwick, N.P., P. M. Groffman, J. B. Yavitta, A. J. Gold, G. Blazejewskid, and M. Stolt. 2008. Microbially available carbon in buried riparian soils in a glaciated landscape. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40:85–96.
    Gurwick, N.P., D.M. McCorkle, P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, D.Q. Kellogg, and P. Seitz-Rundlett. 2008. Mineralization of ancient carbon in the subsurface of riparian forests. Journal of Geophysical Research 113: G02021, 13 pages.
    Zaman, M., M.L. Nguyen, A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, D.Q. Kellogg and R.J. Wilcock. 2008. Nitrous oxide generation, denitrification, and nitrate removal in a seepage wetland intercepting surface and subsurface flows from a grazed dairy catchment. Australian Journal of Soil Research 46:565-577.
    Kellogg, D.Q., A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, M.H. Stolt, and K. Addy. 2008. Riparian ground-water flow patterns using flownet analysis: Evapotranspiration-induced upwelling and implications for N removal. Journal of American Water Resources Association. 44(4):1024-1034.
    Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, E. Striz, and A.J. Gold. 2008. Effects of stream restoration on denitrification in an urbanizing watershed. Ecological Applications 18(3): 789-804.
    Nowicki, B.L. and A.J. Gold. 2008. Groundwater Nitrogen Transport and Input along the Narragansett Bay Coastal Margin. in A. Desbonnet and B. Costa-Pierce (eds.), Science for Ecosystem-based Management: Narragansett Bay in the 21st Century. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Clough T.J., K. Addy, D.Q. Kellogg, B.L. Nowicki, A.J. Gold, and P.M. Groffman. 2007. Dynamics of nitrous oxide in groundwater at the aquatic-terrestrial interface. Global Change Biology 13:1528–1537.
    Wawrzynek, J., R.L. Mahler, A.J. Gold, and A. McCann. 2007. Citizen Involvement in Water Resource Issues in New England. Journal of Extension. 5:RIB3. 10 pages.
    Efroymson, R.A., D.S. Jones and A. J. Gold. 2007. An Ecological Risk Assessment Framework for Effects of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems and Other Localized Sources of Nutrients on Aquatic Ecosystems. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 13: 574–614.
  • Groffman, P.M., J.S. Baron, T. Blett, A.J. Gold, I. Goodman, L.H. Gunderson, B.M. Levinson, M.A. Palmer, H.W. Paerl, G.D. Peterson, N.L. Poff, D.W. Rejeski, J.F. Reynolds, M.G. Turner, K.C. Weathers, and J. Wiens. 2006. Ecological thresholds: The key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application? Ecosystems 9:1-13.
  • Addy, K., A. Gold, B. Nowicki, J. McKenna, M. Stolt, and P. Groffman. 2005. Denitrification capacity in a subterranean estuary below a Rhode Island (USA) Fringing Salt Marsh. Estuaries 28(6):896-908.
    Blazejewski, G.A., Stolt, M.H., Gold, A.J., and Groffman, P.M. 2005. Macro- and Micromorphology of Subsurface Carbon in Riparian Zone Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 69: 1320-1329.
    Gold, A.J. and J.T. Sims. 2005. Eutrophication. In: Daniel Hillel, editor-in-chief, Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment. Elsevier Ltd., Oxford, UK.
    Kellogg, D.Q., A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, K. Addy, M.H. Stolt, and G. Blazejewski. 2005. In situ ground water denitrification in stratified, permeable soils underlying riparian wetlands. J. of Environ. Quality 34:524-533.
    Oviatt, C.A. and A.J. Gold. 2005. Nitrate in Coastal Waters. p. 127-147 In T.M. Addiscott (ed.) Nitrate, Agriculture and the Environment. Oxford University Press.
  • Rotkin-Ellman, M., K. Addy, A.J. Gold, and P.M. Groffman. 2004. Tree species, root decomposition and subsurface denitrification potential in riparian wetlands. Plant and Soil 263:335-344.
  • Joubert, L., P. Flinker, G. Loomis, D. Dow, A. Gold, D. Brennan and J. Jobin. 2003. Creative Community Design and Wastewater Management. National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project. Washington University, St. Louis.
    Joubert, L., P. Hickey, D.Q. Kellogg and A. Gold. 2003. Wastewater Planning Handbook: Mapping onsite treatment needs, pollution risks and management options using GIS. National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project. Washington University, St. Louis.
    Jacinthe, P.-A., P.M. Groffman, and A.J. Gold. 2003. Dissolved organic carbon dynamics in a riparian aquifer: Effects of hydrology and nitrate enrichment. J. of Environ. Qual. 32:1365-1374.
    Addy, K., D.Q. Kellogg, A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, G. Ferendo, and C. Sawyer. 2002. In situ Push-Pull method to determine ground water denitrification in riparian zones. J. Environ. Qual. 31:1017-1024.
  • Groffman, P.M., A.J. Gold, D.Q. Kellogg and K. Addy.  2002.  Mechanisms, rates and assessment of nitrous oxide in groundwater, riparian zones and rivers.  Pages 159 – 166 In Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Scientific Understanding, Control Options and Policy Aspects.  (J. Van Ham, editor).  Millpress.  Netherlands.
  • Gold, A.J., P.M. Groffman, K. Addy, D.Q. Kellogg, M. Stolt, and A.E. Rosenblatt. 2001. Landscape attributes as controls on ground water nitrate removal capacity of riparian zones. J. of the American Water Resources Association. 37:1457-1464.
    Rosenblatt, A.E., A.J. Gold, M.H. Stolt, P.M. Groffman, and D.Q. Kellogg. 2001. Identifying riparian sinks for watershed nitrate using soil surveys. J. Environ. Qual. 30:1596-1604.
    Grossman-Garber, D., A.J. Gold and T. Husband.  2001.  Combining research, outreach and student learning.  Connection – New England Journal of Higher Education and Economic Development. 16:18-20.
  • Gold, A.J. and J.T. Sims. 2000. Research needs in decentralized wastewater treatment and management: A Risk-based approach to nutrient contamination. In:National Research Needs Conference Draft Proceedings: Risk-Based Decision Making for Onsite Wastewater Treatment. St. Louis, MO.

    Groffman, P.M., A.J. Gold and K. Addy.  2000.  Nitrous oxide production in riparian zones and its importance to national emission inventories.  Chemosphere.  2:291-299.
  • Addy, K.L., A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, P.A. Jacinthe. 1999. Groundwater nitrate removal in forested and mowed riparian buffer zones. J. of Environ. Qual. 28:962-970.
    Gold, A.J. and P.M. Groffman. 1999. Watershed Science: A New Frontier for Research. Maritimes, Fall p. 3-5.
    Gold A.J., P.A. Jacinthe, P.M. Groffman, W.R. Wright and R.H. Puffer. 1998. Patchiness in groundwater nitrate removal in a riparian forest. J. Environ. Qual. 27: 146-155.
    Jacinthe, P.A., P.M. Groffman, A.J. Gold, A. Mosier. 1998. Patchiness in microbial nitrogen transformations in groundwater in a riparian forest. J. Environ. Qual. 27:156-164.
    Groffman, P.M., A.J. Gold and P. Jacinthe.  1998.  Nitrous oxide production in riparian zones and groundwater.  Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 52:179-186.
    Gold, A.J. and D.Q. Kellogg. 1997. Modelling Internal Processes of Riparian Buffer Zones. p. 192-207 In N.E. Haycock et al. (ed.) Buffer Zones: Their Processes and Potential in Water Protection. Quest Environmental, Harpenden, UK.
    Groffman, P.M., G. Howard, A.J.Gold, and W. M. Nelson. 1996.  Microbial nitrate processing in shallow groundwater in a riparian forest. J. Environ. Qual. 25(6). 1309-1316.
    Gorres, J. and A.J. Gold. 1996.  Incorporating spatial variability into GIS to estimate nitrate leaching at the aquifer scale. J. Environ. Qual. 25(3). 491-498.
  • Gold, A.J. 1995. Nitrogen and coastal ecosystems: The role of watershed science. Maritimes. 38:10-12.
    Nelson, W.M, A.J. Gold, and P.M. Groffman. 1995. Spatial and temporal variation in groundwater nitrate removal in a riparian forest. J. Environ. Qual. 24:691-699.
    Hesketh, E.S., R.J. Hull, and A.J. Gold. 1995.  Estimating non-gaseous nitrogen losses from established turf.  J. of Turfgrass Mgmt. 1:17-30.
    Groffman, P.M., A.J. Gold, and G. Howard. 1995.  Effects of hydrologic tracers on soil microbial activities. SSSAJ. 59:478-481.
    Hanson, G.C., P.M. Groffman, and A.J. Gold. 1994.  Symptoms of nitrogen saturation in a riparian wetland.  Ecological Applications. 4:750-756.
    Hanson, G.C., P.M. Groffman, and A.J. Gold. 1994.  Denitrification in riparian wetlands receiving high and low groundwater nitrate inputs.  J. Environ. Qual. 23:917-922.
    McCann, A., A.J. Gold, K. Mallon, and J. Gorres. 1994.  Water conservation for Rhode Island lawns.  J. of AWWA. 86:198-204.
    Gold, A.J. and P.M. Groffman.  1993.  Leaching of agrichemicals from suburban areas. Chapter 17.  In:  Ken Racke (ed.) Fate and Significance of Pesticides in Urban Environments.  American Chemical Society. 182-190.
    Groffman, P.M., A.J. Gold, and R.C. Simmons. 1992. Nitrate dynamics in riparian forests: Microbial studies. J. Env. Qual.21:666-671.
    Gold, A.J., B.E. Lamb, G.W. Loomis, J.R. Boyd, V.J.Cabelli, and C.G. McKiel. 1992. Wastewater renovation in buried and recirculating sand filters. J. Env. Qual. 21:720-725.
    Postma, F.B., A.J. Gold, and G.W. Loomis.  1992.  Nutrient and microbial movement from seasonally-used septic systems.  J. of Env. Health.  55(2):5-10.
    Simmons, R., A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman.  1992.  Nitrate dynamics in riparian forests:  Groundwater Studies.  J. of Envir. Qual.  21:664-669.
  • Lamb, A.J. Gold, G.W. Loomis and C.G. McKiel.  1991.  Nitrogen removal for on-site sewage disposal:  Field evaluation of buried sand filter/greywater systems.  Trans. Amer. Soc. Agric. Engin.  34(3):883-889.

    Lamb, A.J. Gold, G.W. Loomis and C.G. McKiel.  1990.  Nitrogen removal for on-site sewage disposal:  A recirculating sand filter/rock tank design.   Trans. Amer. Soc. Agric. Engin. 33(3):525-531.
    Gold, A.J., W.R. DeRagon, W.M. Sullivan, and J.L. Lemunyon. 1990. Nitrate-nitrogen losses to groundwater from rural and suburban land uses. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 45:305-310.
    Gold, A.J. and T.L. Loudon. 1989. Tillage effects on surface runoff water quality from artificially drained cropland. Trans. ASAE. 32:1329-1334.
    Gold, A.J., P.V. August, W.R. Wright and S.P. Tso.  1989.  Aquifer delineation with soil surveys.  J. Soil and Water Conservation.  44(3):232-234.
    Gold, A., T. Weaver, E. Porter and J. Opaluch.  1988.  Potential water use conflicts generated by irrigated agriculture in Southern New England.  Northeast J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics 13(1):8-14.

    Morton, T.G., A.J. Gold, and W.M. Sullivan. 1988. Influence of overwatering and fertilization on nitrogen losses from home lawns. J. Env. Qual. 17:124-130.
    Gold, A.J., T.G. Morton, W.M. Sullivan and J. McClory.  1988.  Leaching of 2,4-D and dicamba from home lawns.  Water, Air, and Soil Pollution.  37:121-129.
  • Aronson, L.M., A.J. Gold and R.J. Hull.  1987.  Cool-season turfgrass responses to drought stress.  Crop Science.  27:1261-1266.
    Aronson, L.J., A.J. Gold, R.J. Hull, and J.L. Cisar.  1987.  Evapotranspiration of cool-season turfgrasses in the humid Northeast.  Agronomy Journal.  79:901-905.
    Gannon, J.E., A.J. Gold, C. Magee and F.J. Bricker.  1985.  Melding technical information with community effort – A watershed council’s role in water quality protection.  In: Lake and Reservoir Management: Practical Applications.  N. Amer. Lake Mgmt. Soc.  pp. 325-331.
    Gold, A.J., T.L. Loudon and F.V. Nurnberger.  1986.  Runoff and Erosive Storm Occurrence Probabilities. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 29(1):119-123.
    Hetz, E., A.J. Gold and L. Reese.  1983.  Computer predictions of suitable working days for mechanized winter wheat operations on Chile.  J. of Agric. Mechan.  14(3):62-66.

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