Indirect Evidence of Student Learning

Indirect sources of evidence provide information about a program through means other than looking at actual student work and can be helpful in quickly providing information which indicates something about a program or an outcome. Indirect measures are an option in program assessment.

Examples include:

  • Alumni surveys
  • Course evaluations
  • Employer or supervisor evaluations*
  • Enrollment in higher degree programs
  • Focus groups
  • Institutional/program research data
  • Job placement
  • One-on-one interviews
  • Reflections*
  • Student surveys
  • Syllabi analysis
  • Transcript analysis

*Depending on the method of collection and analyses, these items may be used as direct evidence.

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