Environmental and Natural Resource Economics

How can we create a sustainable society that protects the environment while maintaining a prosperous society? Why have humans caused environmental degradation on local, regional, and global scales, and what can we do about it? Public officials, nonprofit organizations, and private businesses need professionals who can answer these questions in order to design a new sustainable world.

As a major in environmental economics, you will acquire tools that can help answer these questions.  The environmental economics major integrates the natural sciences with economics to help us understand why many of earth’s natural resources are under threat and how we can design policies to address these threats. This major teaches students to weigh options and make important decisions concerning the protection, restoration, development, and use of our natural resources. The major prepares students for graduate school or for careers in the public and private sector that address environmental and natural resource management, business, or public policy. Professionals in these fields play an important role in coordinating interdisciplinary teams to address such complex problems. Graduates gain an understanding of both natural sciences and the economy.

The degree requires a minimum of 120 credits, including 24 credits in concentration. In addition to satisfying the general education requirements, students need nine credits in introductory professional courses, including natural resource conservation (NRS 100), introduction to resource economics (EEC 105), and environmental economics and policy (EEC 205). The major also requires a minimum of three credits in written communication skills (WRT) at the 200 level or higher.  It is also possible to earn a double degree in environmental economics and general business, which we call Green Business (see details below).

There are two options, a double major, and an energy certificate under the Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (ENRE) department. The two options under the ENRE major are: Green Markets and Sustainability (GMS) and Environmental Economics and Management (EEM). These options, the double major, and certificate are discussed below.

Option 1: Green Markets and Sustainability (GMS). This option is for students who wish to develop a deep understanding of social and economic systems as they relate to a sustainable environment. This option is designed to provide considerable flexibility so students can focus their studies to meet their professional goals. Twenty-four credits in concentration courses are required at the 300 level or above, with 15 credits in environmental and natural resource economics (EEC), including economics of natural resource management and policy (EEC 310) and a capstone course in environmental economics and policy (EEC 432), three credits in intermediate economic theory (ECN 328) or intermediate microeconomics (ECN323), and six credits in other concentration courses selected by students in consultation with their advisors. Up to nine concentration credits may be in economics (ECN) or business (BUS). A minimum of 21 credits in basic and supporting sciences are required in mathematics, introductory geology (GEO 100 or 103), introductory biology (BIO 101/103 or 105), and introductory chemistry (CHM 100, 101, or 103). Applied calculus (MTH 131) is strongly recommended, especially for students who are considering going to graduate school. Supporting sciences can be selected from a broad range of subjects including aquaculture and fisheries technology, animal and veterinary science, biology, business (BUS 210 and 212 only), cell and molecular biology, chemistry, computer science, ecology, geology, genetics, mathematics, natural resources science, oceanography, physics, plant physiology, or statistics. An additional 27 credits in supporting electives allow the student either to develop a closely related focus area (e.g., green business) or to sample from a broad set of relevant courses.

Option 2: Environmental Economics and Management (EEM). This option is for students who seek a balanced focus on environmental sciences and environmental economics. The option requires 31 credits of basic sciences, including at least eight credits in principles of biology (BIO 101/103, 102/104); four credits in general chemistry (CHM 101/102 or 103/105); four credits in introductory soil science (NRS 212); four credits in introductory ecology (BIO 262); four credits in introductory geology (GEO 103); three credits in applied calculus (MTH 131); and four credits in introductory statistics (STA 308). The 24-credit concentration includes a minimum of 12 concentration credits in environmental and resource economics (listed under EEC), including economics of natural resource management and policy (EEC 310) and a capstone course in environmental economics and policy (EEC 432), as well as six additional credits selected to meet the student’s particular interests. Students are also required to take a minimum of 12 concentration credits selected from ecology, soils and watersheds, and geosciences. Students choose a minimum of 20 credits in supporting electives.

Green Business. The Department of Environmental and Natural Resource Economics and the College of Business Administration offer a double major in environmental economics and general business. This program is designed for those interested in corporate sustainability, energy efficiency, non-profit management, green marketing, renewable energy, global environmental challenges, environmental policy, and energy finance. Students earn a B.S. in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from the College of the Environment and Life Sciences and a B.S. in Business Administration from the College of Business Administration. More details on this program can be found at https://web.uri.edu/enre/double-degree-bus-enveco.

Certificate in Energy Economics and Policy. This program is designed to certify to potential employers that recipients have acquired broad knowledge and a set of practical skills in applying analytical tools to critical energy-related challenges faced by modern society.  The program is comprised of intensive training in energy economics, management and policy, and is designed to address energy management issues at scales ranging from the individual building, to the microgrid, to the national and international levels. These skills are in great demand by local, state and federal government agencies, non-governmental organizations and the private sector.  Recipients of our energy certificate will have acquired a skill set that is ideally suited to meet these needs, and will help them compete for jobs in the marketplace.  Requirements may be satisfied by completing 15 credits from the courses listed below. Students must receive a minimum grade of C in each class and an overall average of B (3.0) or higher.  Required courses (9 credits) include EEC 350G, EEC 352G, and EEC497.  Supporting courses (6 credits) are selected from the following list: CPL 434, CPL 485, EEC 345G, EEC 355, EEC 440, EGR 213, MAF 445, SUS 315, and LAR 472. Additional courses may be used upon approval of the Program Director. More details on this program can be found at https://web.uri.edu/enre/energy-certificate/.

Global Water Resources Minor. Please see Interdepartmental Minors for detailed information.