Ginis, I, D. Crowley, P. Stempel, and A. Babson. 2024. The impact of sea level rise during nor’easters in New England: Acadia National Park, Boston Harbor Islands, Boston National Historical Park, and Cape Cod National Seashore. Science Report NPS/SR—2024/133. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Adams, S., A. Becker, K. McElroy, N. Hallisey, P. Stempel, I. Ginis, and D. Crowley (2024): Ocean state rising: Storm simulation and vulnerability mapping to predict hurricane impacts for Rhode Island’s critical infrastructure, Journal of Emergency Management, Vol. 22, No 7, 47 – 61.

Ma, I., I., Ginis,  and S.K. Kang (2024). Numerical Study of Effects of Warm Ocean Eddies on Tropical Cyclones Intensity in Northwest Pacific. Atmosphere, 15,445. https://

Kang, S. K.; Kim, -H.; Lin, I.-I.; Park, Y.-H.; Choi Y.; Ginis, I.; Cione J.; Shin J. Y.; Kim, E.J.; Kim, K. O.; Kang, H. W.; Park, J.-H.; Bidlot, J.-R.; Ward, B. (2024). The North Equatorial Current and Rapid Intensification of Super Typhoons. Nature Communications, 15:1742,

Kang SK, Kim EJ, Kim S, Cione J, Lee D, Landwehr S, Kang H-W, Kim K-O, Hong CS, Kwon MH, Oh K-H, Lee JH, Noh S, So JK, Kang D-J, Kim D, Park J-H, Nam S, Cho YK, Ward B and Ginis I (2024) Anomalously large latent heat fluxes in low to moderate wind conditions within the eddy-rich zone of the Northwestern Pacific. Front. Mar. Sci.


Zhou, X., Hara, T., Ginis, I., D’Asaro, E., & Reichl, B. G. (2023). Evidence of Langmuir mixing effects in the upper ocean layer during tropical cyclones using observations and a coupled wave-ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 128, e2023JC020062.

Schuh, E., A. R. Grilli, F. Groetsch, S. T. Grilli, D. Crowley, I. Ginis, P. Stempel, 2023: Assessing the morphodynamic response of a New England beach-barrier system to an artificial reef, Coastal Engineering,

Stempel, P., Nasr-Azadani, E., Grilli, A., Grilli, S., Shuh, E., Groetsch, F., Ginis, I., Crowley, D., Walsh, J. P., Whaling, I., Damon, C., Duhaime, R., Rubinoff, P., & Schmitt, C. (2023). 3D Morphodynamic Visualizations of Storm Impacts for Decision Support Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 8(10), 10.


Becker, A., Rubinoff, P., Ginis, I., Stempel, P., Fusco, R., Hallisey, N., McElroy, K., Shanahan, E., Mueller, C., Atkins, S., Crowley, D., Damon, C., Mandeville, A., Eisenberg, D., Lofgren, B. Brightman, H., Domanowski, C., and Schechter, S. (2022), ‘Military Installation Resilience Review: A hazard-resilient future for Naval Station Newport within its coastal community for short-term preparedness and long-term planning’, Prepared for the City of Newport, through a grant from the Department of Defense Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation, MIR1239-20-01. (ed.), (University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island).

Soloviev, A.V, B. Vanderplow, Lukas, R., Haus, B.K., and Ginis, I. 2022, Air-Sea Gas Transfer in Tropical Cyclones: Multiphase Modeling and Comparison with Laboratory and Field Experiments. B. Jahne, K. Krall, C. Marandino, eds. Air-water gas exchange: Cross-linking field measurements, laboratory measurements, and modeling.

Lee, W, S-H Kim, I-J Moon, MM Bell, and I Ginis, 2022: New parameterization of air-sea exchange coefficients and its impact on intensity prediction under major tropical cyclones. Front. Mar. Sci. 9:1046511. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2022.1046511

Zhou, X., T. Hara, I. Ginis, E. D’Asaro, J.-Y. Hsu, and B. G. Reichl, 2022: Drag coefficient and its sea state dependence under tropical cyclones. J. of Phys. Oceanogr. 52(7),  1447–1470, DOI:

Husain, N.T., T. Hara, and P. P. Sullivan, 2022: Wind Turbulence over Misaligned Surface Waves and Air–Sea Momentum Flux. Part I: Waves Following and Opposing Wind,  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 52(1),  119-139 DOI:

Husain, N.T., T. Hara, and P. P. Sullivan, 2022: Wind Turbulence over Misaligned Surface Waves and Air–Sea Momentum Flux. Part II: Waves in Oblique Wind, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 52(1),  141-159  DOI:


Hashemi, M.R., B. Kresning, J. Hashemi, and I. Ginis, 2021: Assessment of hurricane generated loads on offshore wind farms; a closer look at most extreme historical hurricanes in New England. Renewable Energy,

Ginis, I., 2021: Tropical Cyclones, From Hurricanes to Epidemics, Ch. 10., K. M. Conrad (Ed.), Springer Nature,


Vanderplow, B., Soloviev, A.V., Dean, C.W., B.K. Hause, R. Lucas & I. Ginis, 2020: Potential effect of bio-surfactants on sea spray generation in tropical cyclone conditions. Scientific Reports 10, 19057 (2020).

Soroush, K., M.R. Hashemi, R. Kian, M. Spaulding, M. Lewis, and I. Ginis, 2020: Flood risk in past and future: a case study for the Pawtuxet River’s record breaking March 2010 flood event, J. Flood Risk Management,

Chen, X., T. Hara, and I. Ginis, 2020: Impact of Shoaling Ocean Surface Waves on Wind Stress and Drag Coefficient in Coastal Waters: Part I Uniform Wind, J. Geophys. Res.

Chen, X., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2020: Impact of Shoaling Ocean Surface Waves on Wind Stress and Drag Coefficient in Coastal Waters: Part II Tropical Cyclones, J. Geophys. Res.,

Huang W., F. Teng, I. Ginis, D. Ullman, and E. Ozguven, 2020: Rainfall Runoff and Flood Simulations for Hurricane Impacts on Woonasquatucket River, USA, International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 239-244, doi: 10.18178/ijscer.9.3.239-244


Bender, M.A., T. Marchok, R. E. Tuleya, I. Ginis, V. Tallapragada, and S. J. Lord, 2019: Hurricane model development at GFDL, 2019: A Collaborative success story from a historical perspective. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., September,

Wang, D., T. Kukulka, B. Reichl, T. Hara, I. Ginis, and W. Perrie, 2019: Wind-wave misalignment effects on Langmuir turbulence in tropical cyclones conditions, J. Phys. Oceanogr.,

Ullman D.S., I. Ginis, W.Huang, C. Nowakowski, X. Chen, and P. Stempel, 2019: Assessing the Multiple Impacts of Extreme Hurricanes in Southern New England, USA, Geosciences9(6), 265;

Witkop R, A. Becker, P. Stempel, and I. Ginis, 2019: Developing Consequence Thresholds for Storm Models Through Participatory Processes: Case Study of Westerly Rhode Island. Front. Earth Sci. 7:133. doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00133

Torres M.J., M. R. Hashemi, S. Hayward, M. Spaulding, I. Ginis, and S. T. Grilli, 2019:  Role of Hurricane Wind Models in Accurate Simulation of Storm Surge and Waves. Coastal, Ocean Eng., 2019, 145(1): 04018039. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000496


Stempel, P., I. Ginis, D. Ullman, A. Becker, R. Witkop, 2018: Real-time chronological hazard impact modeling, J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 6(4), 134;

Biswas M. K., L. Bernardet, S. Abarca, I. Ginis, E. Grell, M. Iacono, E. Kalina, B. Liu, Q. Liu, T. Marchok, A. Mehra, K. Newman, J. Sippel, V. Tallapragada, B. Thomas, W. Wang, H. Winterbottom, and Z. Zhang, 2018: Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) Model: 2018 Scientific Documentation, Available at

Chen, X., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2018: Sensitivity of offshore tropical cyclone wave simulations to spatial resolution in wave models. J. Mar. Sci. Eng.6, 116.

Wang, D., T. Kukulka, B. Reichl, T. Hara, I. Ginis, and P. Sullivan, 2018: Interaction of Langmuir turbulence and inertial currents in the ocean surface boundary layer under tropical cyclones, J. Phys. Oceanogr.,

Gao K, and I. Ginis, 2018: On the characteristics of roll vortices under a moving hurricane boundary layer, J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 2589-2598.

Jisan, M. A., Bao, S., Pietrafesa, L. J., Shen, D., Gayes, P. T., & Hallstrom, J. (2018). Hurricane Matthew (2016) and its impact under global warming scenarios. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 4(1), 97-109.

Jisan, M. A., Bao, S., & Pietrafesa, L. J. (2018). Ensemble projection of the sea level rise impact on storm surge and inundation at the coast of Bangladesh. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 18(1), 351.

Teng, F., W. Huang, and I. Ginis, 2018. Hydrological modeling of storm-induced runoff and snowmelt in Taunton River Basin. Journal of Natural Hazards, 91, 179-199,


Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, M. A. Donelan, B. K. Haus, and I. Ginis, 2017: Is the state of the air-sea interface a factor in rapid intensification and rapid decline of tropical cyclones? J. Geophys. Res., 122, 10174-10183, https://DOI: 10.1002/2017JC013435.

Blair, A., I. Ginis, T. Hara, and E. Ulhorn, 2017: Impact of Langmuir turbulence on upper ocean response to Hurricane Edouard: Model and Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 9712–9724, http://DOI: 10.1002/2017JC012956.

Fei T., Q. Shen, W. Huang, I. Ginis, and Y. Cai, 2017: Characteristics of river flood and storm surge interactions in a tidal river in Rhode Island, USA, Procedia IUTAM, 25, 60-64, DOI: 10.1016/j.piutam.2017.09.009

Gao, K., I. Ginis, J.D. Doyle, and Y. Jin 2017: Effect of boundary layer roll vortices on the development of an axisymmetric tropical cyclone. J. Atmos. Sci., 74, 2737- 2759. [PDF]

Aijaz, S., M. Ghantous, A. Babanin, I. Ginis, B. Thomas. and G. Wake 2017: Nonbreaking wave-induced mixing in upper ocean during tropical cyclones using coupled hurricane-ocean-wave modeling. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans., 122, 3939-3963. [PDF]


Reichl, B. G., I. Ginis, T. Hara, B. Thomas, T. Kukulka and D. Wang 2016b: Impact of Sea-State-Dependent Langmuir Turbulence on the Ocean Response to a Tropical Cyclone. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 4569-4590. [PDF]

Tuleya, R. E., M. Bender, T. R. Knuston, J. J. Sirutis, B. Thomas and I. Ginis 2016: Impact of Upper-Tropospheric Temperature Anomalies and Vertical Wind Shear on Tropical Cyclone Evolution Using an Idealized Version of the Operational GFDL Hurricane Model. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 3803-3820. [PDF]

Biswas, M. K., L. Bernardet, I. Ginis, Y. Kwon, B. Liu, Q. Liu, T. Marchok, A. Mehra, K. Newman, D. Sheinin, S. Subramanian, Tallapragada, V., B. Thomas, M. Tong, S. Trahan, W. Wang, R. Yablonsky, and X. Zhang, 2016: Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model: 2016 Scientific documentation. Developmental Testbed Center [PDF]

Reichl, B. G., D. Wang, T. Hara, I. Ginis and T. Kukulka 2016a: Langmuir Turbulence Parameterization in Tropical Cyclone Conditions. Langmuir Turbulence Parameterization in Tropical Cyclone Conditions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 863-886. [PDF]

Gao, K. and I. Ginis 2016: On the Equilibrium-State Roll Vortices and Their Effects in the Hurricane Boundary Layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 1205-1221. [PDF]


Yablonsky, R. M., I. Ginis, B. Thomas, V. Tallapragada, D. Sheinin, and L. Bernardet, 2015: Description and analysis of the ocean component of NOAA’s operational Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) Model. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 32, 144-163. [PDF]

Tallapragada, V., L. Bernardet, M. K. Biswas, I. Ginis, Y. Kwon, Q. Liu, T. Marchok, D. Sheinin, B. Thomas, M. Tong, S. Trahan, W. Wang, R. Yablonsky, and X. Zhang, 2015: Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model: 2015 Scientific documentation. Developmental Testbed Center, 105. [PDF]

Yablonsky, R. M., I. Ginis, B. Thomas, 2015: Ocean modeling with flexible initialization for improved coupled tropical cyclone-ocean prediction, Environmental Modelling & Software, 67, 26-30. [PDF]

Rabe T. J, T. Kukulka, I. Ginis, T. Hara, B. Reichl, E. D’Asaro, R. Harcourt, P. Sullivan, 2015: Langmuir turbulence under Hurricane Gustav (2008), J. Phys. Oceangr., 45, 657-677. [PDF]

Zhou, X. H., Wang, D. P., & Chen, D. (2015). Global wavenumber spectrum with corrections for altimeter high-frequency noise. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45(2), 495-503.

Zhou, X. H., Wang, D. P., & Chen, D. (2015). Validating satellite altimeter measurements of internal tides with long‐term TAO/TRITON buoy observations at 2° S–156° E. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(10), 4040-4046.


Gao, K. and I. Ginis 2014: On the generation of roll vortices due to the inflection point instability of the hurricane boundary layer flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 4292-4307. [PDF]

Bueti, M. R., I. Ginis, L. M. Rothstein, S. M. Griffies, 2014: Tropical cyclone-induced thermocline warming and its regional and global impacts. J. Climate, 27, 6978-6999. [PDF]

Soloviev, A. V., R. Lukas, M. A. Donelan, B. K. Haus, and I. Ginis, 2014: The air-sea interface and surface stress under tropical cyclones. Nature Scientific Reports, 4. [PDF]

Reichl, B. G., T. Hara, and I. Ginis, 2014: Sea state dependence of the wind stress over the ocean under hurricane winds. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 30-51. [PDF]

Knowlton, C., H. Morin, G. Scowcroft, I. Ginis, and R. Yablonsky, 2014: Hurricanes: Science and Society (ibook). society/id908600909?mt=13&ign-mpt=uo%3D4.


Yablonsky, R. M., and I. Ginis, 2013: Impact of a warm ocean eddy’s circulation on hurricane-induced sea surface cooling with implications for hurricane intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 997-1021. [PDF]


Sutyrin, G.G. and I. Ginis, 2012: Impact of tropical cyclones on a baroclinic jet in the ocean. J. Marine Hydrophys., 5, 44-50. [PDF]

Rosenfeld D., Woodley W.L., A. Khain, W.R. Cotton, G. Carrio, I. Ginis, and J.H. Golden, 2012: Aerosol effects on microstructure and intensity of tropical cyclones, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc. 987-1001. [PDF]


Gall, J. S., I. Ginis, S.-J. Lin, T. P. Marchok, and J.-H. Chen, 2011: Experimental tropical cyclone prediction using the GFDL 25km resolution Global Atmospheric Model. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 1008-1019. [PDF]

Cotton, W. R., W. L. Woodley, I. Ginis, J. H. Golden, A. Khain, and D. Rosenfeld, 2011: The rise and fall of HAMP. J. Wea. Modif., 43, 88-95. [PDF]


Buckingham, C., T. Marchok, I. Ginis, L. Rothstein, and D. Rowe, 2010: Short- and medium-range prediction of tropical and transitioning cyclone tracks within the NCEP Global Ensemble Forecasting System. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1736-1754. [PDF]

Goni G.J., M. DeMaria, J. Knaff, C. Sampson, J. Price , A. Mehra, I. Ginis, I-I Lin, P. Sandery, S. Ramos-Buarque, M. M. Ali, F. Bringas, S. Aberson, R. Lumpkin, G. Halliwell, C. Lauer, E. Chassignet, A. Mavume, and K. Kang, 2010: The ocean observing system for tropical cyclone intensification forecasts and studies. In Proceedings of the “OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society” Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [PDF]

Fan, Y., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2010: Momentum flux budget across air-sea interface under uniform and tropical cyclones winds. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 2221-2242. [PDF]

Shay, L.K., M.M. Ali, S. Chen, I. Ginis, G. Halliwell, H-S Kim, M-D Leroux, I-I. Lin, A. Wada, 2010: Oceanic influences and the air-sea interface. Eighth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones, WMO/CAS/WWW, pp. 4.4.1-4.4.63.


Yablonsky, R. M., and I. Ginis, 2009: Limitation of one-dimensional ocean models for coupled hurricane-ocean model forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 4410-4419. [PDF]

Fan, Y., I. Ginis, T. Hara, C. W. Wright, and E. Walsh, 2009: Numerical simulations and observations of surface wave fields under an extreme tropical cyclone. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 2097-2116. [PDF]

Fan, Y., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2009: The effect of wind-wave-current interaction on air-sea momentum fluxes and ocean response in tropical cyclones. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 1019-1034. [PDF]

Goni, G., M. Demaria, J. Knaff, C. Sampson, I. Ginis, F. Bringas, A. Mavume, C. Lauer, I.-I. Lin, M. M. Ali, P. Sandery, S. Ramos-Buarque, K. Kang, A. Mehra, E. Chassignet, and G. Halliwell, 2009: Applications of satellite-derived ocean measurements to tropical cyclone intensity forecasting. Oceanogr., 22, 190-197.[PDF]


Yablonsky, R. M., and I. Ginis, 2008: Improving the ocean initialization of coupled hurricane-ocean models using feature-based data assimilation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 2592-2607. [PDF]

Moon, I.-J., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2008: Impact of the reduced drag coefficient on ocean wave modeling under hurricane conditions. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 1217-1223. [PDF]


Bender, M. A., I. Ginis, R. Tuleya, B. Thomas, and T. Marchok, 2007: The operational GFDL coupled hurricane-ocean prediction system and a summary of its performance. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 3965-3989.[PDF]

Moon, I.-J., I. Ginis, T. Hara, and B. Thomas, 2007: A physics-based parameterization of air-sea momentum flux at high wind speeds and its impact on hurricane intensity predictions. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 2869-2878. [PDF]


Fan, Y., W. S. Brown, and Z. Yu, 2005: Model simulations of the Gulf of Maine response to storm forcing. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C04010. [PDF]

Falkovich, A., I. Ginis, and S. Lord, 2005: Ocean data assimilation and initialization procedure for the Coupled GFDL/URI Hurricane Prediction System. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22, 1918-1932. [PDF]


Frolov, S. A., G. G. Sutyrin, and I. Ginis, 2004: Asymmetry of an equilibrated Gulf Stream-type jet over topographic slope. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 1087-1102. [PDF]

Ginis, I., A. P. Khain, E. Morozovsky, 2004: Effects of large eddies on the structure of the marine boundary layer under strong wind conditions, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 3049-3063. [PDF]

Moon, I.-J., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2004: Effect of surface waves on Charnock coefficient under tropical cyclones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L20302. [PDF]

Moon, I.-J., T. Hara, I. Ginis, S. E. Belcher, H. L. Tolman, 2004: Effect of surface waves on air-sea momentum exchange. Part I: Effect of mature and growing seas, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2321–2333. [PDF]

Moon, I.-J., I. Ginis, and T. Hara, 2004: Effect of surface waves on air-sea momentum exchange. Part II: Behavior of drag coefficient under tropical cyclones, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2334–2348. [PDF]

Lackmann, G. M., and R. M. Yablonsky, 2004: The importance of the precipitation mass sink in tropical cyclones and other heavily precipitating systems. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1674-1692. [PDF]


Shen, W., and I. Ginis, 2003: Effects of surface heat flux-induced sea surface temperature changes on tropical cyclone intensity. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1933. [PDF]

Moon, I.-J., I. Ginis, T. Hara, H. L. Tolman, C. W. Wright, and E. J. Walsh, 2003: Numerical simulation of sea-surface directional wave spectra under hurricane wind forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1680–1706.[PDF]

Sutyrin, G.G., G. D. Rowe, L. M. Rothstein, and I. Ginis, 2003: Baroclinic eddy interactions with continental slopes and shelves, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 283–291.


Ginis, I., 2002: Tropical cyclone-ocean interactions. Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions, Vol. 1, Advances in Fluid Mechanics Series, No. 33, WIT Press, 83-114. [PDF]

Shen, W., I. Ginis, and R. E. Tuleya, 2002: A numerical investigation of land surface water on landfalling hurricanes. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 789-802. [PDF]

Robertson, E.J. and I. Ginis, 2002: The upper ocean salinity response to tropical cyclones. In Proceedings of the 25th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Diego, CA, USA, 29 April–3 May 2002; p. 14D.15.


Shen, W., and I. Ginis, 2001: The impact of ocean coupling on hurricanes during landfall. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2839-2842. [PDF]

Sutyrin, G. G., I. Ginis, and S. A. Frolov, 2001: Equilibration of baroclinic meanders and deep eddies in a Gulf Stream-type jet over a sloping bottom. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 2049-2065. [PDF]

Knutson, T. R., R. E. Tuleya, W. Shen, and I. Ginis, 2001: Impact of CO2-induced warming on hurricane intensities as simulated in a hurricane model with ocean coupling. J. Climate, 14, 2458-2468. [PDF]


Khain A. P., I. Ginis, A. Falkovich, and M. Frumin, 2000: Interaction of binary tropical cyclones in a coupled tropical cyclone-ocean model. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 22 337-22 354. [PDF]

Bender, M.A., and I. Ginis, 2000: Real case simulations of hurricane-ocean interaction using a high resolution coupled model: Effects on hurricane intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 917-946. [PDF]

Mumane R.J, C, Barton, E. Collins, J. Donnelly, J. Eisner, K. Emanuel, I. Ginis, S. Howard, C. Landsea, K-B. Liu, D. Malmquist, M. McKay, A. Michaels, N. Nelson, J. O Brien, D. Scott, T. Webb III, 2000: Model estimates hurricane wind speed probabilitiesEos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 81, 433-438.

Shen, W., R. E. Tuleya, and I. Ginis, 2000: A sensitivity study of the thermodynamic environment on GFDL model hurricane intensity: Implications for global warming. J. Climate, 13, 109-121. [PDF]


Rowley, C., and I. Ginis, 1999: Implementation of a mesh movement scheme in a multiply nested ocean model and its application to air-sea interaction studies. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 1879-1896. [PDF]

Richardson, R. A., I. Ginis and L. M. Rothstein, 1999. A numerical investigation of the local ocean response to westerly wind burst forcing in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1334-1352. [PDF]


Ginis I., R. A. Richardson, and L. M. Rothstein, 1998: Design of a multiply nested primitive equation ocean model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1054-1079. [PDF]


Ginis, I., and G. G. Sutyrin, 1995: Hurricane-generated depth-averaged currents and sea surface elevation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 1218-1242. [PDF]

Falkovich A. I., A. P. Khain, and I. Ginis, 1995: The influence of air-sea interaction on the development and motion of a tropical cyclone: Numerical experiments with a triply nested model. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 55, 167-184.

Falkovich A. I., A. P. Khain, and I. Ginis, 1995: Motion and evolution of binary tropical cyclones in a coupled atmosphere-ocean numerical model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1345-1363. [PDF]

Ginis I., 1995: Interaction of tropical cyclones with the ocean. Global Perspectives on Tropical Cyclones, Ch. 5, R. L. Elsberry, Ed., Tech. Doc. WMO/TD No. 693, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 198-260. [PDF]


Ginis, I., M. A. Bender, and Y. Kurihara, 1994: A numerical study of the tropical cyclone-ocean interaction. In “Tropical Cyclone Disasters” (J. Lighthill, Z. Zhemin, G. J. Holland and K. A. Emanuel, Eds), Peking University Press, Beijing, 342-355.


Bender M. A., I. Ginis and Y. Kurihara, 1993: Numerical simulations of the tropical cyclone-ocean interaction with a high-resolution coupled model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 23 245-23 263. [PDF]

Falkovich A. I., A. P. Khain, and I. Ginis, 1993: Generation and movement of two interacting tropical cyclones in a coupled atmosphere-ocean model with nested movable grids. Meteor. Gidrol., 11, 33-40.


Falkovich A. I., A. P. Khain, and I. Ginis, 1992: Investigation of the evolution and motion of tropical cyclones using a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Meteor. Gidrol., 2, 23-39.


Khain, A. P., and I. Ginis, 1991: The mutual response of a moving tropical cyclone and the ocean. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. (Contributions to atmospheric physics), 64, 125-141.


Ginis, I., Kh.Zh. Dikinov, and A.P. Khain, 1989: A three-dimensional model of the atmosphere and the ocean in the zone of a typhoon. Dokl. Akad. Sci. USSR,  307,  333-337. (translated to English)

Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh. Dikiniov, 1989: Modelling of the typhoon Virginia (1978) forcing on the ocean.   Meteorology and Hydrology, 7, 53-60.


Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh. Dikiniov, 1988: A numerical study of the eddy formation in an open ocean  due to  tropical cyclone forcing Trudy Instituta Experimentalnoi Meteorologii, Leningrad,  Hydrometeoizdat, 42, 117-123 (In Russian).


Ginis, I., 1987: Energy transformations in the ocean induced by a tropical cyclone. Trudy   Geophysicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad,   38, 24-31 (in Russian).


Ginis, I., 1986: A numerical study of formation and evolution of the hurricane’s wake in the ocean. Ph. D. Thesis, Institute of Experimental Meteorology, Obninsk, Russia, 165 pp.


Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh.Dikiniov, 1984: The influence of the duration of action and intensity of a  tropical cyclone on the structure of its wake in the ocean. Trudy Instituta Experimentalnoi  Meteorologii, Leningrad, Gydrometeoizdat, 32, 20-28. (in Russian)


Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh.Dikiniov, 1982: Numerical simulations of the evolution of tropical cyclone thermodynamic wake in the ocean. Oceanology,  22, 667-771. (translated to English)


Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh.Dikiniov, 1981: On the response of the baroclinic ocean to tropical cyclones.  Oceanology,  21, 794-801. (translated to English)

Ginis, I., and Kh.Zh.Dikinov, 1981: On the slow relaxation of the tropical cyclone wake in the ocean.  Dokl. Akad. Sci. USSR,  260, 195-198. (translated to English)

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