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Transtheoretical Model

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Kingston, RI 02881
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Alcohol: Alcohol Temptations

Listed below are situations that can lead some people to drink a lot or more than they should. Select the answer that best corresponds to how tempted you are to drink a lot in the following situations.

1 = Not at all Tempted
2 = Not Very Tempted
3 = Somewhat Tempted
4 = Very Tempted
5 = Extremely Tempted

1. When I am excited
2. When I am with others who are drinking a lot
3. When things are not going my way and I am frustrated
4. When I am really happy
5. When my friends push me to keep up with their drinking
6. When I am feeling depressed
7. When I am having fun with friends
8. When others people encourage me to have a drink
9. When I am very anxious and stressed
10. When I am offered a drink by someone
11. When I am feeling angry
12. When things are going really well for me
13. If I go to a party where there is a lot of drinking
14. When I am anxious about sex
15. When there are drinking games going on
16. When I have my feelings hurt
17. When I am with someone I am attracted to
18. When I am with others who are focusing on drinking
19. When I am feeling shy
20. When I feel like keeping up with my friends’ drinking
21. When I am nervous about being socially outgoing


Scores from these 21 items can be summed to compute a global temptations scale.
Four subscales exist for this scale:
Peer Pressure: Items 2, 5, 8, 10, 13, 15, 18, 20
Negative Affect: 3, 6, 9, 11, 16
Positive/Social: 1, 4, 7, 12
Social Anxiety: 14, 17, 19, 21
Two comparable 8 item short forms have been constructed to compute global temptations
Form A: Items 4, 6, 7, 13, 14, 16, 18, 21
Form B: Items: 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 15, 17, 19

Note: This instrument has been developed on non-dependent drinkers and should not be used with dependent populations until further psychometric validations have been conducted. Information regarding the reliability and validity of this instrument can be obtained from Dr. Maddock.

Migneault, J. P. (1995). A Transtheoretical Approach to Immoderate Drinking in College. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI
Maddock, J. E., Laforge, R. G., & Rossi, J. S. (1999). Short Forms of a Situational Temptations scale For Heavy, Episodic Drinking. Manuscript under review.
Laforge, R. G., Maddock, J. E., & Rossi, J. S. (1999). Replication of the temptations and decisional balance instruments for heavy, episodic drinking on an adult sample. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21, S67 (Abstract).

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