RI Native Plant Guide

Cooperative Extension


Plant Type (T)
Grass or Grass-like (G) Monocot herbaceous plant with long narrow leaves. Includes sedges and rushes.
Perennial (P) Herbaceous plants living more than three years.
Shrub (S) Woody perennial usually less than 12′ in height; with multiple stems produced at the soil line.
Tree (T) Long lived woody perennial usually with a single stem and distinct crown; exceeding 12′ in height at maturity.
Vine (V) Climbing or trailing plant.
Aquatic (AQ) A plant that grows partially or wholly in water
Annual (A) A plant that completes its entire life cycle in one growing season
Plant Attributes
Full Sun (FS) Receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day
Shade Tolerant (SH) Plant will grow acceptably in shady conditions
Drought Tolerant (DT) Plant adapted to survive low water conditions
Wet Sites (WT) Plant is adapted to intermittently wet sites
Coastal Tolerant (CT) Plant adapted to tolerate salt spray, salt soil, acidic soils
Bird (BD) Plant provides fruit or nuts eaten by bird species. It is not exhaustive, as it does not include seed as a food source.
Pollinator (PL) Plant provides nectar and/or pollen to promote pollinator species.
Butterfly (BT) Plant provides food for native moth and butterfly caterpillars (larval host plants for native Lepidoptera species). More info: www.BringingNatureHome.net
Edible (ED) Part of the plant is edible by humans.
Medicinal (MD) Plant provides medicinal properties for humans.
Availability List of nurseries where plants are available. Availability information is updated at the discretion of the individual nursery staff.*Nurseries may contact a website coordinator to be added to the list.
State Endangered Native taxa in imminent danger of extirpation from Rhode Island. Plants listed as State Endangered are protected under the provisions of the Rhode Island State Endangered Species Act, Title 20 of the General Laws of the State of Rhode Island.
State Threatened Native taxa which are likely to become State Endangered in the future if current trends in habitat loss or other detrimental factors remain unchanged.
Concern Native taxa not considered to be State Endangered or Threatened at the present time, but are listed due to various factors of rarity and/or vulnerability.
State Historical Native taxa which have been documented for Rhode Island during the last 150 years, but for which there are no extant populations.
Think Big We Do

Copyright © 2023 University of Rhode Island.